Image credit: Lange, Dorothea --San Francisco, California. 4/11/42
In 2011, the Bancroft Library was awarded its first grant by the National Park Service's Japanese American Confinement Sites Grant Program. What started as a two-year digitization project flourished into a now multi-grant digitization project digitizing nearly 250,000 primary source materials that focuses on Japanese-American experience during WWII. The selections consist of institutional records, personal documents, and formats like moving-image film, audio, maps, and artworks. Access to the digitized content is provided by the Online Archive of California, and Calisphere.
The Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement: A Digital Archive (2011-2013)
NPS Grant #PIIAPI0509
Starting in 2011 and ending in 2014, the first project digitized a selection of nearly 100,000 records from the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study initiated in 1942 at the University of California, Berkeley. The study, organized by UC Berkeley professors, recruited Nisei social science students, placing them into selected War Relocation Authority administered sites to document and examine the mass incarceration of Japanese Americans. The documentation they gathered complements the government generated records.
View the Japanese American Evacuation & Resettlement Study Digital Archive:
Voices in Confinement: A Digital Archive of Japanese-American Internees (2014-2017)
NPS Grant #P17AP00272
The second project conducted during 2014-2017, Voices in Confinement: A Digital Archive of Japanese American Internees, was a selection of 150,000 items with a focus on material created by Internees and representing the lives of the Japanese Americans during their confinement in World War II. The collections contain a mix of manuscripts and pictorial collections like those from Yoshiko Uchida and Hisako Hibi, the Ikeda family (internees at the camps) to Rosalie Wax, a researcher at the camps, and Wayne Collins, a lawyer, along with the War Relocation Authority Photograph collection.
Japanese American Internment Sites: A Digital Archive (2015-2018)
NPS Grant #P15AP00131
The third grant, effective February 2015 through August 2018, the Japanese American Internment Sites: A Digital Archive, resulted in the digitization of nearly 145,000 pages of material from the ten individual internment camps within the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Records (BANC MSS 67/14 c). The records represent the official documentation of the U.S. War Relocation Authority (WRA), created to assume jurisdiction over the internment of Japanese and Japanese Americans in the United States during WWII. During its existence from March 1942 to 1946, the WRA controlled the administration of the relocation centers, administered an extensive resettlement program, and oversaw the details of the registration and segregation programs.
The Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement: A Digital Archive (2017-2020)
NPS Grant #P17AP00272
The fourth grant, effective September 2017 through December 2020, continued the development of the Japanese American Internment Sites: A Digital Archive with the digitization of War Relocation Authority (WRA) materials from the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Records (BANC MSS 67/14 c). The selected material represents formal WRA documentation of Japanese and Japanese Americans on the West Coast. Official agency documents and internment camp records augment the collection, adding over 148,000 items to the digital archive.
Bancroft collections are digitized in accordance with imaging and metadata standards to preserve information for future generations of researchers and students. Image production conformed to the Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines Initiative (FADGI) Technical Guidelines for Digitizing Cultural Heritage Materials.
Digital image capture service was provided by Backstage Library Works. Backstage Library Works used a Phase One P40+ and Leaf Aptus II 12R digital camera. Materials were captured at 400 ppi. The digital master files are archived as 24-bit sRGB TIFF files.
Additional digital image capture service was provided by UC Berkeley's Digital Imaging Lab.
This project was funded, in part, by a grant from the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Japanese American Confinement Sites Grant Program. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the opinions or policies of the U.S. Government. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute their endorsement by the U.S. Government.
This material received Federal financial assistance for the preservation and interpretation of U.S. confinement sites where Japanese Americans were detained during World War II. Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, as amended, the U.S. Department of the Interior prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, disability or age in its federally funded assisted projects. If you believe you have been discriminated against in any program, activity, or facility as described above, or if you desire further information, please write to:
Office of Equal Opportunity
National Park Service
1201 Eye Street, NW (2740)
Washington, DC 20005
Special Thanks to Library Staff
Mery Alaberkyan, Digital Collections Student Assistant
Christina Bush, Digital Collections Student Assistant
David de Lorenzo, Former Head of Technical Services, The Bancroft Library
Jacob Dickerman, Digital Collections Student Assistant
Iris Donovan, Circulation Supervisor/Stacks Manager, The Bancroft Library
John Doran, Digital Collections Assistant, The Bancroft Library
Mary W. Elings, Assistant Director and Head of Technical Services, The Bancroft Library
Marissa Friedman, Digital Project Archivist, The Bancroft Library
Lynne E. Grigsby, Head, Library IT
Ernie Hernandez, Digital Collections Student Assistant
Lucy Hernandez, Digital Project Archivist
Giulia Hill, Applications Team Leader, Library IT
Lori A. Hines, Pictorial Processing Archivist, The Bancroft Library
Meilin Huang, Financial Analyst, The Bancroft Library
Christine Huhn, Head, Imaging Services, Imaging Services Team, Library IT
Dan Johnston, Digital Imaging Specialist, Library IT
Sonia Kahn, Digital Collections Student Assistant
James Lake, Digital Projects Analyst, Library IT
Kris Leonardo, Financial Analyst, UC Berkeley Library Business Services
Isaac Liao, Digital Collections Student Assistant
Charlie Macquarie, Digital Project Archivist, The Bancroft Library
Lara Michels, Head of Archival Processing, The Bancroft Library
Julie Musson, Digital Collections Archivist, The Bancroft Library
Todd Parks, Developer, Applications Team, Library IT
Tim Pinault, Former Digital Projects Manager, Library IT
Alvin Pollock, Applications Programmer, Projects Team, Library IT
Theresa Salazar, Curator, The Bancroft Library
Casondra Sobieralski, Former Bancroft Web Services Analyst, Library IT
Lisa J. Weber, Project Manager, Library IT
David M. Zuckerman, Developer, Applications Team, Library IT