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Free Speech Movement Oral History Project

About the Project
Interview Transcripts
Photo of Mario Savio amid protests, November 9, 1964
In the fall of 1964, the Berkeley campus of the University of California was rocked by the Free Speech Movement. These interviews recount the experiences of a cross section of participants in or witness to the events, including: student leaders and the lawyers who defended those disciplined and arrested; faculty who were in favor of and others who vehemently opposed FSM; ordinary students who as one freshman noted, were “trying to figure out what was going on. People were really caught by how important this was and trying to sort out the adult world response to it. You knew that this was a big deal.” Because of repeated massive demonstrations—10,000 students surrounding a police car in the middle of Sproul Plaza; 800 people occupying the central administration building—Berkeley drew national attention. In the words of one interviewee, a journalist who covered the FSM for the nation-wide Collegiate Press News Service: “FSM opened up everything--just blew out the tubes of being able to move large amounts of information across the country. It wasn’t exactly that Berkeley was the first place where this mechanism kicked in [political protest] but it was the place where it went critical.”

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