Census of the Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States


BALTIMORE, MARYLAND WALTERS ART GALLERY

Ms. W. 410

Parch. of irregular thickness, ff. I (modern parch.) + 147 + I (mod. parch.), old foliation cropped (f. 73 is now f. 39; f. 92 is now f. 58; f. 175 is now f. 131, etc.), modern pencil foliation, 200 × 145 (155-165 × 90) mm., 29 verses per page, 18 210 310 48 5-1310 148 1510 (+ 11th) 162, horizontal catchwords underlined and simple pen flourishes for quires 1-8, and horizontal catchwords with pen flourishes and occasional rectangular boxes for remaining quires, the catchwords for quires 2, 3 and 15 do not match the text of the following quires, no signatures are visible, ruled in light brown ink, written by two persons: 1) ff. 9-80, a round humanistic script, 2) ff. 1-8v and 80v-147v, written by Lorenzo Segni in an upright humanistic script (see the acrostic sonnet on f. 147v), both are in a rather light brown ink. Decoration: an illumination (85 × 100 mm.), of Petrarch and Laura offering each other flowers appears on f. 1, Petrarch is in red robes and crowned in laurel, Laura is dressed in a blue robe, against a background of a thicket of laurel trees and a dark blue sky, the colors are murky, on a rectangular gold frame outlined in black ink; the text on f. 1 begins with a 4ߚline gold initial with a rather crude white vinestem, infilling of pink, green and burgundy over a blue ground with clusters of tiny white dots; in the lower margin a man and woman dressed in brown and purple robes respectively, holding the arms, on a gold and blue frame; on f. IIIv, a 4ߚline gold initial similar to f. 1 (severely rubbed); the poems and the capitoli of the Triumphi begin with alternating red or blue 2ߚline initials, the strophes of the canzoni, the quartine and terzine of the sonnets and the terzine of the Triumphi are in a display script. Binding, modern dark brown morocco over thick paper boards, gold letters on the spine, ‘Petrarca’ and below ‘W. 410’, ‘Petrarca’ in gold letters also on front cover. ff. 1-8v, Alphabetical list of first verses of the Rerum vulg. fragm. , followed by a list of the canzoni in the order in which they appear in the collection; folio numbers added later. ff. 9-108v, Petrarch, Rerum vulg. fragm. , inc. "Voi ch’ascoltate in rime sparse il sono ..." (nos. 1-3, 5, 7, 9-11, 13-16, 23, 4, 22, 17-21, 28, vv. 1-87, 70, vv. 29-50, 71-79, 81, 82, 80, 83-88, 130-139, 146-209, 210 [the first two lines are inverted], 211-242, 121, 243-339, 342, 340, 351-354, 350, 355, 359, 341, 343, 356, 344-349, 357, 358, 360-365; f. 106, no. 366, title "Oratione di miser Francesco Petrarcha a la pietosa vergine Maria", "Vergine bella che di sol vestita ..."), expl. "... Che accolga il mio spirito ultimo in pace. Amen. Finis". ff. 109-111, Alberto Orlandi da Fabriano, Canzone , title "Canzone composta per Alberto Orlando ad instantia del magnifico signore Berardo de Camarino sopra y triumphi etcetera", inc. "Beato il prego tuo cortese et almo ...", expl. "... Per ubedirti et non per far commento. Finis, Deo gratias. Amen" (cf. L. and C. Frati, "Indice delle carte di P. Bilancioni", Il Propugnatore, n. s., 5 II, 1892, 237; O III 1): mss Moücke 6 and Ricc. 1154 (also Ricc. 1126 and 1139 ). The canzone appears in many other manuscripts: Canon. It. 40 (Catalogo dei manoscritti italiani che sotto la denominazione di Codici Canoniciani italici si conservano nella Biblioteca Bodleiana a Oxford, compiled by Count A. Mortara, Oxford, Clarendon, 1864, coll. 60-61, no. XXII); Vat. lat. 4787 (F. Carboni, Incipitario della lirica italiana dei secoli XV-XX, I, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana - Fondo Vaticano latino, I-III, Città del Vaticano, Bibl. Vaticana, 1982, no. 1763). ff. 111v-146v, Petrarch, Triumphi , inc. (Tr. cup. I) "Nel tempo che renova i mei sospiri ... V’è (sic) incatenato Gyove inanci al carro"; f. 114, (Tr. cup. III) "E ha (sic) sì pieno il cor de maraviglie ... et quale è il mel temprato cum l’asscentio"; f. 117v, (Tr. cup. IV) "Poscia che furtuna mia in forza altruy ... Che ’l pie’ va inanci et l’occhio torna indietro"; f. 120, (Tr. pud.) "Quando ad un giogo et ad un tempo quivi ... Fra qualli cognobbi Ypollitto et Ioseppe"; f. 123v, (Tr. cup. II) "Stanco già de mirar non saccio anchora ... Et in un pomo beffata al fin Cidippei"; f. 127, (Tr. mort. I) "Quella leggiadra et gloriosa donna ... Morte bella parea nel suo bel viso"; f. 130, (Tr. mort. II) "La nocte che seguì l’orribil caso ... Tu starai in terra senza me gran tempo"; f. 133, (fragm. Tr. fam. I) "Nel cuore pien d’amarissima dolcezza ... Poy a la fin viddi Artus et Carlo"; f. 136, (Tr. fam. I) "Da poi che morte triumphò del volto ... Come adviene a chi virtù relinque"; f. 138v, (Tr. fam. II) "Pien d’infinita et nobil maraviglia ... Magnanimo gentil constante et largo"; f. 141, (Tr. fam. III) "Io non sapea da tal vista levarme ... Che tira al vero la vaga oppinione / Qui lasscio et più di lor non dico avanti"; f. 143v, (Tr. temp., vv. 1-87) "De l’aureo albergo cum l’aurora inanci ... Ond’io ho danni et inganni assai sofferto"; f. 145, (Tr. et., vv. 58-145) "Ma gli angeli ne son lieti et contenti ... Se fu beato chi la vidde in terra / Hor che fia aduncha a rivederla in cielo" (the last verse is added in another hand, humanistic script); f. 146v, (fragm. of beg. Tr. mort.) "Quanta gloria nella era matura et agra ..."; expl. "... Quella per cui ben fare prima me piacque. Finis". f. 147rv, Nota de Laura , title "Epistola domini Francisci Petrarce in comemorationem mortis domine Laure", inc. "Laura propriis virtutibus illustris ...", expl. "... inexpectatos exitus acriter ac viriliter cogitanti" (Nolhac, Pétrarque et l’humanisme, II, 286-87). f. 147v, Lorenzo Segni, Sonnet ,
L’aureo segno tanto triumphale
Al signo d’esto libro il nome segna;
Viva virtù che dentro al cor regna
Risplendente il fa et inmortale;
Et sua bellezza che non trova eguale
Ne l’universo et da Dio facta degna
Tra noi mortali esser verace insegna
In mostrar quanto può natura o vale.
Onde se preso i’ fui del suo amore,
Se scrivendo questa opera crebbe il foco,
Et se amando convien ch’io me distempre,
Giamay havendo un sì facto signore,
Non mi dorrò, ma ’l tempo l’hora e ’l loco
In lo qual preso i’ fui et dorrò sempre.
Throughout the ms. there are notes, pen trials, copies of verses and pointing hands. Following Canzone 23 on f. 15 appears the note, "Ama chi t’ ama et chi non t’ ama lassa a chi t’ ama del bon core, loco ti abassa. Si mihi sis vires et predis magna [?]"; in an empty space on f. 67 appear II lines of verse, inc. "Beato chi sprezza il mondo et a Idio se attacca ...", expl. "... Che tolse sopra di sé li altrui danni" (written in a 16thߚcent. Italic script). The scribe has added occasional marginal glosses to the Triumphi .
2nd f.: Quando
ORIGIN
Written in Rome in the third quarter of s. XV, by Lorenzo Segni (ff. 1-8 and 80v-147v) who identifies himself in the acrostic formed by the versals of the sonnet on f. 147v, ‘Laurentio Segni’; Segni also wrote Oxford, Bodleian Library, Add. C. 133 f. 1-5 and Canon. Ital. 288 (fragments); the illumination is possibly by Andrea da Firenze.
PROVENANCE
Unidentified arms on f. 9, party per fess, in upper field a lion passant gules, in lower field a bendy sinister of azure and gules; on f. 8v are birth, baptism and death notes, dated Sept. and Oct. 1585, by an early unidentified owner; also on f. 8v a 16thߚcent. owner has drawn his monogram in the form of a V which below extends into a large S with the letters P and L on each side; an unidentified Italian bookseller’s catalogue slip is on front pastedown.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Ullman, no. 4; De Ricci, p. 842, no. 492; Wilkins, no. 5; Jasenas, p. 26, no. 5, pl. 3 (of f. 9). E. H. Wilkins, "Petrarchan Byways", PMLA, LXI (1946), 1321 (reprinted in Wilkins, Studies on Petrarch and Boccaccio [Padova, 1978], 15). Dutschke, Census, no. 5, pp. 40-43.

Abbreviations
De Ricci
De Ricci, S. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. 3 vols. New York, 1935-40.
Dutschke, Census
Dutschke, D. Census of Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States, Padova, 1986.
Jasenas
Jasenas, M. Petrarch in America: A Survey of Petrarch Manuscripts. New York and Washington, D. C., 1974.
Nolhac, Pétrarque et l’humanisme
De Nolhac, P. Pétrarque et l’humanisme. 2 vols. Paris, 1907 (reprinted in 1965).
Ullman
Ullman, B. L. Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States (Censimento dei codici petrarcheschi, no. 1). Padova, 1964 (also in Italia medioevale e umanistica, v [1962], 443-475).
Wilkins
Wilkins, E.H. "Manuscripts of the Canzoniere and the Triumphs in American Libraries", Modern Philology, XLV (1947), 23-35 (updated in Wilkins, E.H. The Making of the "Canzoniere" and Other Petrarchan Studies. Roma, 1951.

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