Census of the Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States


BALTIMORE, MARYLAND WALTERS ART GALLERY

Ms. W. 286

Parch., ff. I (modern paper) + II (mod. parch.) + 252 + II (mod. parch.) + III (mod. paper, the last two are marbled), original foliation in red Roman numerals beginning on f. 20, also modern pencil foliation, 210 × 140 (136 × 77) mm., 14 (- 1st) 2-248 258 (- 1st) 26-308 3110 328, 32 long lines except for two columns on ff. 235-236, plain vertical catchwords on lower inside margin, occasionally cropped, beginning on f. 27v and missing on quire 30, ruled in red ink, signatures cropped, written by William Joret (see colophon on f. 206v) in a French bâtarde script. Decoration: two miniatures by the Chief Associate of Maître François: f. 11, a miniature of the enthroned and crowned Virgin holding the standing Christ on her lap, offering him a red fruit, beneath a canopy held on one side by an angel, two other standing angels play musical instruments on the left of the Virgin, Mary Magdalen presents the kneeling prior Dom Louis de Busco, a small brown dog stands to the left; the miniature is framed by panels of colorful flowers and birds in gold diamonds on a red ground with blue and gold acanthus decoration, a grotesque figure on the bottom margin; the text begins with a 5ߚline gray initial inhabited by an insect and a flower on a painted gold ground on a red frame with gold filigree; f. 21, an illumination of David in prayer before an open window in his study, David (in blue and red robes with white fur trim and a crown) is kneeling before a vision of God in his glory; the miniature is framed by pink, yellow, white and red acanthus, green branches and colored flowers on a painted gold ground, inhabited by a bird and a snail; on grotesque animals two monkies duel in the bottom margin; the text begins with a 10ߚline white acanthus initial similar to f. 1; the beginnings of the months of the calendar have Kl monograms in gray and white on red frames with gold filigree and inhabited by insects and snails; the major divisions of the psalms begin with 6ߚline initials similar to f. 1; the psalms begin with 4ߚline initials similar to f. 1 and two line versals similar to f. 1. The interlinear gloss is in a smaller script and additional gloss appears in the margins with blue rubrics identifying speakers of the psalms; there are line endings in the litany on f. 235rv. Bound in 19th century brown French morocco, stamped diamonds filled with fleur-de-lis, gilt edges, red morocco pastedowns, by Cape-Masson-Debonnelle, gold letters on spine ‘Psautier, S.L.N.D.’ and leather tabs on edges to indicate the Office of the Virgin, the beginning of the Psalter and the Canticles. f. 10rv, Petrarch, Carmen in laudem beatissime Marie Magdalene , Rer. senil. , XV 15 app., title "Franciscus Petrarcha ad beatam Magdalenam orando aiebat", inc. "Dulcis amica Dei...", expl. "... carmina corporeo de carcere digna fuisti" (ed. Rossetti, III, App. II 22-24). Ms. also contains: f. I, blank.
f. IV, Essay on the different translations of the Bible , title "De diversis translationibus", inc. "Ante incarnationem Domini anno CCC ...", expl. "... psalterium Hieronymi iuxta hebraicam veritatem".
ff. 2-3v, Tables of movable feasts beginning with 1489, inc. "Anno Domini 1489 quo hec tabula facta est ...", expl. "... David 4a". ff. 4-9v, calendar. f. 10v, Prayer of St. Bernard to the Virgin, title "Beatus Bernardus Virginem gloriosam sic orabat", inc. "O domina glorie, o regina leticie ...", expl. "... qui est super omnia Deus in secula benedictus. Amen". f. 10v, Prayer to the guardian angel, title "Ad proprium angelum brevis oratio", inc. "Angele qui meus ...", expl. "... salva, defende, guberna". ff. 11-17, Little Office of the Virgin, inc. "Domine labia mea aperies ...", expl. "... In principio erat verbum. Cum orationibus referatur in fine misse". f. 17v, "Preces comunes", inc. "Ego dixi Domine...", and "Oratio ante psalmodiam premitenda (sic)", inc. "Suscipere digneris ...". ff. 18-19v, Praise of the psalms by Jerome, Augustine, Cassiodorus and Basil, title "Hieronymus ad Paulinum de laude psalmorum", inc. "Volo scias ...", expl. "... Domino decantari possint". f. 20, Collect, inc. "Queri posset ..." (includes reference to Hugh of St. Victor and to the Carthusians), expl. "... psalmodiarum suavitatibus occupamur". f. 20v, Dialogue, title "Anima alloquitur corpus", inc. "Ut suasere patrum leges ...", expl. "... auxilium prestat celestis gratia nobis". ff. 21-180, Ferial Psalter with gloss of Jean Torquemada, title "Psalmus primus in quo describitur processus in beatitudinem feria 2a ad primam", inc. "Beatus vir ...", expl. "... omnis spiritus suadet Dominum" (with marginal gloss of conjunctive words clarifying the transition of thought in the psalm). ff. 180v-206, Canticles (as used in the Divine Office), title "Canticum Esaie in quo gratias agit pro beneficio incarnationis Domini capitulo XIIo feria Ia", inc. "Confitebor tibi Domine ...", expl. "... et gloriam plebis tue Israel". f. 206rv, Dialogue, title "Corpus alloquitur animam", inc. "Postque fructiferos ...", expl. "... Invenies requiem que nullo tempore sunt". ff. 206v-208, Athanasian Creed , title "Athanasius Alexandrie civitatis episcopus...ad fidem catholicam habendam dicens simbolum Atanasii. Quotidie ad primam", inc. "Quicunque vult...", expl. "... salvus esse non poterit". ff. 208-232v, Breviary texts according to church calendar with rubrics, title "Sequitur usus ferialis et primo sabbato ad vesperas", inc. "Regnum tuum Domine ...". ff. 232v-234v, Office of the Dead . f. 234v, Seven Penitential Psalms , first lines. ff. 235-236v, Litany and collects. ff. 237-249, Liturgical Hymns. ff. 249v-250, Monastic Grace for meals, title "Benedictio prandi in die brevis refectionis", inc. "Benedicite ...", expl. "... ad societatem".
ff. 250v-252v, blank.
2nd. f.: anno Domini
ORIGIN
Written in Mont-Dieu, France (Champagne), in 1489, by the Carthusian monk William Joret for Dom Louis de Busco (born ca. 1455 at Auxi-le-Château, Artois, prior of Mont-Dieu 1484-1494, d. 1521); see colophon on f. 206v, "Scriptum in Monte Dei cartusiano per me fratrem Guillermum Ioret ipsius loci professum, ordinatione ac mandato domini Ludovici de Busco eiusdem domus prioris, anno dominice incarnationis millesimo quadringentesimo octuagesimo nono. Unde ferant laudes cuncta creata Deo".
PROVENANCE
The signature of a later owner, ‘B. D. Debrez, 1808’, on f. I; obtained by H. W. Gruel, his bookplate with ‘ n° 69 ’ on front pastedown.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Ullman, no. 2; De Ricci, p. 803, no. 296. Walters Art Gallery (1949), Catalogue: Illuminated Books, no. 113 ; Carnegie Institute (1951), French Painting 1100-1900, pl. 21 (of f. II); D. Diringer, The Illuminated Book (1958), p. 413, pl. VII-25a; E. Spencer, "Dom de Busco’s Psalter", Gatherings in Honor of Dorothy Miner (1974), 227-40, pls.; S. Hindman, "Cross-fertilization: Experiments in Mixing the Media", Pen to Press (1977), p. 133, nos. 156-157, fig. 57 (of f. II); E. König, "Un atelier d’enluminure à Nantes et l’art du temps de Fouquet", Revue de l’Art, 35 (1977), no. 4. Dutschke, Census, no. 3, pp. 35-38.

Abbreviations
De Ricci
De Ricci, S. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. 3 vols. New York, 1935-40.
Dutschke, Census
Dutschke, D. Census of Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States, Padova, 1986.
Epystole metrice:
Francisci Petrarchae Poëmata minora quae extant ..., a cura di D. Rossetti. 3 vols. Milano, 1829-34; also in Rime, Trionfi ..., 705-805.
Ullman
Ullman, B. L. Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States (Censimento dei codici petrarcheschi, no. 1). Padova, 1964 (also in Italia medioevale e umanistica, v [1962], 443-475).

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