Census of the Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States


NEW YORK, NEW YORK PIERPONT MORGAN LIBRARY

M. 427

Parch., ff. I (modern parch.) + I (contemp. parch.) + 180 + I (mod. parch.), contemporary foliation in ink, 194 × 116 (123 × 65) mm., 29 verses per page, 110 (the second flyleaf is tipped in) 2-1810, plain perpendicular catchwords on inside margin, ruled in faint brown ink, written by one person, round humanistic script. Decoration: distinctive illumination in camaieu gris and gold on a somber purple ground, on the second flyleaf verso the title is in gold letters (a rose stands below them) within an architectural frame with purple and gold candelabra on a painted gold ground outlined in black, below is the date "MCCCC LXXVI", supported by two griffons; f. 1, top margin, an illumination (62 × 105 mm.) of Petrarch seated writing at a desk in a study, camaieu gris on purple; f. 1, a 4ߚline painted gold initial on a rectangular purple ground with intricate highlighting; a border decoration of purple panels, and below two putti support a wreath with arms of the Orsini family (see below); f. 10, profile bust portraits of Laura and Petrarch facing each other, camaieu gris on purple and gold framing; f. 18v, an illumination (35 × 70 mm.) of Petrarch reaching towards a heavenly vision of Laura, camaieu gris on purple with gold highlighting and framing; f. 26v, an illumination (50 × 72 mm.) of a laurel tree, a banner with letters "F.F.I.M.D.I.", camaieu gris and gold on purple; f. 29, an illumination panel of the chariot of the sun pulled by two horses, driving the clouds out of the valley, supported by two griffons; f. 35v, a panel with "Laura" in gold letters, purple frame with gold decoration; f. 37v, an illumination panel of a boat adrift, supported by two griffons, camaieu gris on purple with gold frame; f. 50v, panel with two hands holding a laurel branch, camaieu gris on purple with gold frame, and two gold butterflies at the ends of the panel; f. 51, panel with Cupid and words "Semper" and "Vrit"; f. 53, illuminated panel of a landscape, tree and brook, camaieu gris on purple with gold decoration; f. 59v, panel with portrait of Petrarch, supported by two griffons, camaieu gris on purple with gold decoration; f. 62v, panel with the profile portrait of a crowned king of Babylon, with words "Ro. Babylon" in gold letters, camaieu gris on purple; f. 65, a panel with a medallion of a woman’s profile and gold letters "Ognor presente", camaieu gris on purple, gold frame; f. 67, an illumination (49 × 67 mm.) of Petrarch seated beneath a laurel tree, with a landscape and brook, camaieu gris on purple with gold decoration; f. 141, the first capitolo of the Triumphi begins with a 5ߚline gold initial, with Cupid inside standing holding bow and arrow, on a purple ground, camaieu gris designs on the sides; the other capitoli on ff. 150, 153 (inhabited by a bird), 156 (inhabited by personified Death), 156v, 159v, 163, 165v, 168, 170v, 175v (inhabited by the divine triangle), begin with a 3ߚline gold initial, camaieu gris designs on purple rectangular frames; the initial on f. 173 is plain gold; on ff. 18v, 35v, 45v and 50v, appear 3ߚline gold initials with camaieu gris designs on purple rectangular grounds; all the poems of the Rerum vulg. fragm. begin with a 2ߚline plain gold initial; the versals are in a display script. Bound by Duprez-Lahey, brown morocco, gilt tooled, rebacked, and on the spine in gold letters "Petrarch, Italian, 1476", gilt edges. Second front flyleaf verso, title "Li sonetti, canzoni et triomfi de miser Francesco Petrarcha". ff. 1-140v, Petrarch, Rerum vulg. fragm. , inc. "Voi ch’ascoltate in rime sparse il suono ...", (nos. 1-120, 122, f. 51, "Donna mi venne spesso ne la mente", 123-242, 121, 243-263, 265-336, 350, 355, 337-339, 342, 340, 351-354, 359, 341, 343, 356, 344-349, 357, 358, 360-365, 264, 366), expl. "... Ch’accolga ’l mio spirto ultimo in pace". ff. 141-178, Petrarch, Triumphi , inc. (Tr. cup. I) "Triumphus I amoris, Nel tempo che rinnova i miei sospiri ... V’è Giove incatenato inanzi al carro"; f. 143v, (Tr. cup. III) "Capitulum II triumphi amoris, Era sì pieno il cor di meraviglie ... Et qual è il mel temprato con l’assentio"; f. 146v, (Tr. cup. II) "Capitulum III triumphi amoris", f. 147, "Stanco già di mirar non satio ancora ... Et d’un pomo beffata al fin Cidippe"; f. 150, (Tr. cup. IV) "Capitulum IV triumphi amoris, Poscia che mia fortuna in forza altrui ... Che ’l pie’ va innanzi et l’occhio torna a retro"; f. 153, (Tr. pud.) "Triumphus II castitatis, Quando a un giogo et in un tempo quivi ... Fra quali i’ vidi Hipolito et Ioseppe"; f. 156, (fragment of Tr. mort.) "Triumphus III mortis, Quanti già ne l’ età matura et acra ... Quella per chui ben far prima mi piacque"; f. 156v, (Tr. mort. I) "Capitulum II triumphi mortis, Questa leggiadra et gloriosa donna ... Morte bella parea nel suo bel viso"; f. 159v, (Tr. mort. II) "Capitulum II triumphi mortis, La nocte che seguì l’ orribil caso ... Tu starai in terra senza me gran tempo" (followed by an erased verse); f. 163, (fragment of Tr. fam. I) "Nel cor pien d’amarissima dolcezza ... Poi a la fine io vidi Artù et Carlo"; f. 165v, (Tr. fam. I) "Capitulum II triumphi famae, Da poi che morte triumphò nel volto ... Come adiviene a chi vertù relinque"; f. 168, (Tr. fam. II) "Capitulum II triumphi famae, Pien d’infinita et nobil maraviglia ... Magnanimo gentil constante et largo" (followed by a cancelled verse); f. 170v, (Tr. fam. III) "Io non sapea da tal vista levarme ... Che tira al ver la vaga opinione / Qui lascio et più di lor non dico avante"; f. 173, (Tr. temp.) "Triumphus V temporis, De l’aureo albergo con l’aurora innanzi ... Così il tempo triompha e nomi e ’l mondo"; f. 175v, (Tr. et.) "Triumphus VI divinitatis, Da poi che sotto il ciel cosa non vidi ...", expl. "... Or che fia dunque a rivederla in cielo".
ff. 178v-180v, ruled but blank.
2nd. f.: Quel ch’infinita
ORIGIN
Written in Rome, Italy, in 1476 for the Orsini family whose arms appear in a monumental arch on the second flyleaf verso, a bendy of six argent and gules, on a chief of the first supported by a devise or and a rose of the second; the date written in Roman numerals is at the base of the monumental arch.
PROVENANCE
Owned by Costantino Corvisieri, his sale, 15 April 1901, cat. II, no. 8, pl. III, to the Brazilian minister, Dr. José Augusto Ferreira Da Costa (died 1910); purchased from A. Imbert in July 1910.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Ullman, no. 66; De Ricci, p. 1446, no. 427; Wilkins, no. 24; Jasenas, pp. 27-28, no. 9, pl. 5 (of f. 1). D. Ciampoli, Il codice Orsini-Da Costa delle Rime e dei Trionfi di Francesco Petrarca (Roma, 1904); M. Harrsen and G. K. Boyce, Italian Manuscripts in the Pierpont Morgan Library (New York, 1953), p. 38, no. 68.

Abbreviations
De Ricci
De Ricci, S. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. 3 vols. New York, 1935-40.
Jasenas
Jasenas, M. Petrarch in America: A Survey of Petrarch Manuscripts. New York and Washington, D. C., 1974.
Ullman
Ullman, B. L. Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States (Censimento dei codici petrarcheschi, no. 1). Padova, 1964 (also in Italia medioevale e umanistica, v [1962], 443-475).
Wilkins
Wilkins, E.H. "Manuscripts of the Canzoniere and the Triumphs in American Libraries", Modern Philology, XLV (1947), 23-35 (updated in Wilkins, E.H. The Making of the "Canzoniere" and Other Petrarchan Studies. Roma, 1951.

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