Census of the Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States


NEW YORK, NEW YORK PIERPONT MORGAN LIBRARY

Ms. G. 36 (Glazier collection)

Parch., ff. II (contemp. parch.) + 144, modern pencil foliation, 306 × 230 (216 × 145) mm., two columns of 54 lines, 1-1410 (+ four last folios), horizontal catchwords outlined by four dots, ruled in lead, written by one person, round Italian gothic script. Extensive illumination and decoration by Cristoforo Cortese of Venice:1 f. 1, 18ߚline illuminated initial with a scene of the childhood of Romulus and Remus being saved from the river by a wolf in the upper section, a walled city with two standing figures (the king and Remus) in the lower section, multi-colored in violet, blue, red, light green and white highlighting on a gold ground with a black frame, a brightly colored acanthus initial breaks into a 3/4 border decoration of multi-colored acanthus highlighted in white, inhabited by human figures, animal figures and monstruos human-animal figures, with gold disks outlined in black ending in a single black thorn, and the arms are at the bottom center; f. 13, a 5ߚline illuminated initial inhabited by Hannibal holding a sword, with the same style decoration as f. 1 extending moderately into the margin mainly in the upper portion, with exotic multi-colored birds; f. 28, a 21ߚline illumination, extending into the outer margin, of a triumphal march of Caesar in a covered chariot decorated in laurel being pulled by four horses and surrounded by a crowd, white shading on a green background, with a dark blue sky and gold swirls, a black frame; f. 28v, a 12ߚline blue acanthus illuminated initial inhabited by Scipio surrounded by six other figures on a gold ground, a border decoration in the same style as f. 1 extending along the outside border and also inhabited by multi-colored birds and human faces; f. 46, a 23ߚline illuminated initial in the same style as f. 28, inhabited by the raging battle of Cato against Antiochus, King of Syria; f. 46v, a 16ߚline illuminated initial formed by interlocking grotesque animals, with Julius Caesar mounted on a gray charger, on a gold ground, with a border similar to f. 1 on the upper and outside margins; f. 81, a 26ߚline illuminated initial of a battle scene of Caesar in Gall, in the same style as f. 28; f. 81, a 12ߚline illuminated initial similar to f. 1 depicting the killing of Caesar in the upper section, with the same style decoration as f. 1 in the margin between the columns and on the top; f. 103, 15ߚline illuminated initial similar to f. 1, two male figures speaking to each other, border decoration is most evident on upper margin; f. 123v, 12ߚline illuminated initial similar to f. 1 of Pompey in armor on a ship at full sail; f. 126v, 19ߚline illumination of the defeat in battle of Pompey, in a style similar to f. 28; f. 127, 12ߚline illuminated initial and border decoration similar to f. 1, scenes from the life of Octavian Augustus; the chapters begin with 4ߚline blue initials and elaborate blue pen decoration extending well into the margins; 4 to 6ߚline gold initials with elaborate blue pen decoration extending into the margins appear to a lesser degree throughout the ms.; blue and red paragraph marks throughout, and fine painted hands in various gestures, holding various objects (writing instruments, a pear, sword, ax, whip, flower, pitcher) and also painted decorative objects; f. 96, a small illumination of Cato killing himself. Binding, contemporary dark brown goat over wooden boards bevelled to the inside, four brass bosses on the front and five on the back cover, original four clasps with three straps missing, blind stamp of intertwining rope pattern and rolls forming a series of rectangular frames one inside the other. ff. 1-143, Petrarch, De viris illustribus , Italian trans. by Donato degli Albanzani , inc. "Romolo fue il primo degli re romani et padre de la romana republicha ...", expl. "... e datta a compensare con gli cielestiali merti per la divina extimacione et giusto examino. Finito libro virorum illustrium conpillato per summum poetam Franciscum Petrarcham refferantur Christo gracie copiose" (Le vite..., ed. L. Razzolini, I-II [Bologna, 1974-79]).
ff. 143v-144, blank.
f. 144v, in another fere-humanistic script, "Nocte pluit tota redeunt spectacula mane / cum Jove divisum imperium Cexar habes" (Walther, Initia carminum, no. 11887). f. 144v, in the same hand as the verses above on f. 144v, "Sic vos non vobis fertis aratra boves / Sic vos non vobis vellera fertis oves / Sic vos non vobis melificatis apes / Sic vos non vobis nidificatis aves" (Walther, Initia carminum, no. 18140; the same verses are repeated below in a later hand).
2nd. f.: confortava
ORIGIN
Written in Venice, Italy, s. XVin., illuminated in Venice by Cristoforo Cortese, ca. 1405 (according to C. Huter, see his article above).
PROVENANCE
On f. 1, the unidentified arms, a lion rampant, parted, upper gold on blue and lower blue on gold; owned by William Glazier, his leather ownership label on the front pastedown; Glazier bought the ms. from William H. Schab in 1955.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Ullman, no. 61; De Ricci, Suppl., p. 397, no. G. 36; Jasenas, p. 6, no. 61 and pp. 36-37, no. 27, pl. 20 (of. f. 46v and 28). J. Plummer, The Glazier Collection of Illuminated Manuscripts (New York, 1959), 25-26, pl. 30 (2nd. ed. in 1968, p. 40, pl. 48).

Notes
1. Carl Huter, "Cristoforo Cortese in the Bodleian Library", Apollo (Jan. 1980), 12. Cortese decorated another >Petrarch, Canzoniere , in 1400: London, British Library, King’s MS. 321 .

Abbreviations
De Ricci, Suppl.
Supplement of De Ricci, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada, originated by C.U. Faye and continued by W.H. Bond. New York, 1962.
Jasenas
Jasenas, M. Petrarch in America: A Survey of Petrarch Manuscripts. New York and Washington, D. C., 1974.
Ullman
Ullman, B. L. Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States (Censimento dei codici petrarcheschi, no. 1). Padova, 1964 (also in Italia medioevale e umanistica, v [1962], 443-475).
Walther, Initia carminum
Walther, H. Initia carminum ac versuum Medii Aevi posterioris Latinorum. Göttingen, 1959.

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