Census of the Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States


CHICAGO, ILLINOIS NEWBERRY LIBRARY

Ms. 57

Paper (Couronne, Briquet 4656; Tête de boeuf, Briquet 15101; Tête de boeuf, similar to Briquet 14229; Tête de cerf, Briquet 15545), ff. I (contemporary parch.) + I (contemp. paper) + 180, contemporary foliation (beginning with the present f. 11) numbered 1-160 and 194-203, no modern foliation (this description is according to the present structure of the manuscript), 286 × 215 (165-170 × 120) mm., 34-39 long lines, the preliminary leaves were once the initial two folios of the original first quire of six folios (the outside bifolium of the original first quire was parchment), present collation 1-1710 188 (-1st and 2nd) 198 (-5th through 8th), two quires of 8 folios each have been cut out at the end of the manuscript, parchment reinforcing strips at the center of the quires, the catchwords of quires 1-7 are horizontal within scrolls and those of quires 8-18 are plain horizontal, often cropped, the signatures are often cropped, ruled in lead, written by many persons: 1) ff. 1-5, 11-39v, 160v, 171-180v, by Johannes Gherinx, in a gothic script; 2) ff. 5-8, gothic script; 3) ff. 41-69v, gothic hybrida; 4) ff. 71-94v, gothic semi-cursive; 5) ff. 95-159, gothic hybrida; 6) ff. 161-167, gothic hybrida; 7) ff. 167v-170v, cursive. Decoration: f. 11, a 6ߚline blue initial with white highlighting, well executed, on a gold ground outlined in black with filigree work on the gold and a modest acanthus decoration in red, blue, green and lavender which extends from the bottom of the initial, ending in gold disks and pen flourishes; f. 11, the arms are within a painted red circle at the bottom; f. 11v, a 3ߚline red initial with lavender infilling and lavender flourishes extending into the margin and ending in grapevine tendrils; f. 12v, a 3ߚline red initial similar to the 3ߚline initial on f. 11; f. 32, a 3ߚline red initial with brown ink infilling and red tail extending down the margin; f. 41, a 5ߚline red initial similar to f. 11v; f. 58, a 4ߚline plain red initial; on ff. 71-160v there are 2 and 3ߚline plain red initials, at times formed of pattern designs; f. 161, 4ߚline plain red initial with brown infilling; f. 171, 172 and 174v, plain red initials; red paragraph marks and slashing of initials throughout; pointing hands and occasional marginal notes. Binding, 15th-16th cent. dark brown calf, simple blind stamp lines forming triangles, separate rectangular frames with figures (only a fleur-de-lis is identified), two original brass clasps, straps missing, binding in poor state of repair. f. 160v, Giovanni Boccaccio, Genealogie deorum gentilium libri , XIV, 19, (extract in praise of Petrarch), title "Ex capitulo decimonono libri quartidecimi Iohannis Bocacii vatis celeberrimi cognomento de Cartaldo de genealogia deorum in laudem Francisci Petrarche", inc. "Franciscus Petrarcha a iuventute sua celibem vitam ducens ...", expl. "... plus ex moribus quam ex verbis traxisse doctrine. Dixi" (Giovanni Boccaccio, Genealogie deorum gentilium libri, a cura di V. Romano, II [Bari, 1951], p. 741-42; Branca, Tradizione, I). ff. 161-167, Petrarch, Epystola ad Sagramorem de Pomeriis ( Rer. senil. , X, 1), title "Epistola Francisci Petrarche ad Sagremor de Pomeriis ex equite armate milicie cisterciensis cenobii monachum exhortatoria ut in felici sacri status proposito felicius perseveret", inc. "Semper et vivis vocibus tuis ...", expl. "... Vive nostre amicicie memor et vale. Venetiis XV kalendas aprilis. Epistola Francisci Petrarche oratoris eximii ad Sagremor de Pomeriis ex equite armate milicie cisterciensis cenobii monachum exhortatoria ut felici sacri status proposito felicius perseveret. Finit feliciter et votive Deo gratias. Amen" (ed. Basel, 1554, 952-58). Ms. also contains: first parch. preliminary leaf verso, in a gothic hand, "//proprietates rustica. Cum in precaris eum surdescit non habet aures ... Quis continuit in manibus suis. Sex sunt ... et septem detestatur anima eius ... interfaciens discordias" (Walther, Initia carminum, no. 15229). Second paper preliminary leaf recto (verso is blank), in a gothic hand, "//Relacio ducis Burgundie dum diem suum clauderet extremum ad filium suum Karolum. Imperium, Karole fili, tibi grande relinquo ... dat iniquus iniquo" (a pen drawing of a man’s face appears below). ff. 1-5, Table of contents, inc. "Incipit tabula sequencium tractatuum ut facilius sit invenire quod queritur: 1. Tractatus duorum amancium nuncupatus ab Enea Silvio nunc papa Pio editus ...", expl. "... 204. Prologus Pogii poete laureati in faceciis etc.". ff. 5-8, Ps. Ovid, De ventris membrorumque altercatione , inc. "Concilium celebrant humani corporis artus ...", expl. "... hic quoque vult finem carmen habere suum. Finis. Ovidii de ventre" (ed. F. W. Lenz, "Das Pseudo-Ovidische Gedicht De Ventre", Maia, II [1959], 169-211 [185-95]; PL , CXCIX, 1005-1008).
ff. 8v-10, ruled but blank.
f. 10v, Ten verses in praise of Pope Pius II , inc. "Memorie celebris maximi antistitum Pii ...", expl. "... Que si scire cupis hunc oro lege libellum". f. 11, Pius II, Letter to Gaspare Schlick about De duobus amantibus historia, title "Incipit tractatus duorum amancium ab Enea Silvio tunc illustrissimi imperatoris cancellario nunc papa Pio solemniter editus", inc. "Magnifico ac generoso militi domino Gaspari ...", expl. "... per deorum medullas non latet igneam favillam. Vale" (Pius II, Opera quae extant omnia [Basel, 1551], 623). ff. 11v-31v, Pius II, De duobus amantibus historia , inc. (Prologue) "Eneas Silvius poeta imperialisque secretarius salutem plurimam dicit Mariano Sozzino utriusque iuris interpreti et concivi suo. Rem petis ... Urbem Senas ...", expl. "... quod longe plus aloes habet quam melis. Vale" (Pius II, Opera quae extant omnia, 623-44). ff. 31v-39v, Maffeo Vegio, Dialogus veritatis et philalethis ad Eustachium fratrem , title "Mafeus Vegius fratri Eustatio salutem dialogus feliciter incipit", f. 32, inc. "Dum repeterem nuper animo Eustachi frater id quod sepius soleo ...", expl. "... atque ego te sequor libens et sic est finis". (ed. M. de la Bigne, Maxima bibliotheca veterum patrum [Lyon, 1677], XXVI, 754-59).
f. 40rv, ruled but blank.
ff. 41-57v, Pius II, De miseriis curialium , title "Tractatus de miseriis curialium editus per sanctum dominum nostrum papam Pium II dum in minoribus esset constitutus et dum imperatorum secretarius et consiliarius", inc. "Eneas Silvius poeta salutem plurimam dicit domino Iohanni de Aich perspicaci et claro iurisconsulto. Stultos esse, qui regibus serviunt ..." expl. "... et malus esse convincatur et stultus. Vale, vir, nisi ex curialibus unus esses, meo iuditio prudens. Ex Pruck, pridie kalendas decembris anno domini MoCCCCoXLIIIIto. Finit tractatus Enee Silvii de miseriis curialium" (Pius II, De miseriis curialium, ed W. P. Mustard [Baltimore, Md., 1948]; R. Wolkan, Der Briefwechsel des Eneas Silvius Piccolomini, I, 1 [Wien, 1909], 453-87, no. 166). ff. 58-69v, Maffeo Vegio, De felicitate et miseria , title "Mafei Vegei Laudensis de felicitate et miseria incipit feliciter", inc. "Obsecro te o Charon sine me iam ut navim conoscendas ...", expl. "... Et ego ad reliquas umbras redeo; placidos opto tibi semper iudices, salve, o Palinure, et vale" (ed. Basel, 1518).
f. 70rv, ruled but blank.
ff. 71-94v, Innocent III, De miseria humane conditionis , title "Incipit liber primus de miseria hominis editus a Lothario diacono et cardinali qui postea dictus fuit Innocencius tercius etc.", inc. "Domino patri karissimo Petro ...", expl. "... Sulphur et ignis ardens sine fine a quibus omnibus liberet nos qui est benedictus in secula seculorum. Amen. Explicit liber Lotharii Dyaconi cardinalis qui postmodum dictus est Innocencius tercius de vilitate condicionis humane" (ed. M. Maccarrone [Lugano, 1955], 7-98; this manuscript not listed). f. 95rv, Ps. St. Augustine, Tractatus de miseria hominis , title "Augustinus de miseria hominis", inc. "Fratres carissimi quam tremenda est ...", expl. "... et procedent qui bona fecerunt in resurrectionem vite" ( PL , XXXIX, 2210; = Ps. Ambrose, PL , XVII, 651). ff. 95v-102, Ps. St. Augustine, title "Qualia fecit quisque talia recipiet", inc. "Tradunt doctores quod quantum spacium acris occupavit aqua in diluvio ...", expl. "... quia si malus remanes Deus malum male perdet. Explicit". ff. 102v-159, Extracts from various authors (entitled Flosculi poetarum in the index on f. 2v), inc. "Seneca de admiranda tenacitate sue memorie ita scribit in primo libro declamacionum. Memoriam in me floruisse ... erat mihi memoria sed ad continenda que acceperat. Hic ante ... brachii in balneo mortuus", f. 103, "Extracta ex prima tragedia Senece. Non sic abibunt odia vivaces aget ...", expl. "... Ovidius de se ipso. Artibus ingenuis quesita est ... (4 lines) ... Doctrine precium triste magister habet". f. 159, in a contemp. gothic hand, Martial, Epigrammata , VI, 15, title "Versus Marcialis de formica electro inclusa", inc. "Dum Phetontea formica vagatur in umbra ...", expl. "... funeribus facta est nunc preciosa suis" (M. V. Martialis Epigrammaton libri, ed W. Heraeus [Leipzig, 1976], 131). f. 159, in a contemp. gothic hand, Martial, Epigrammata , IV, 59, title "Eiusdem de vipra", inc. "Flentibus Eliadum ramis dum vipra serpit ...", expl. "... vipera si tumulo nobiliore iacet" (M. V. Martialis Epigrammaton libri, ed. Heraeus, 98). f. 159, De rana Ludovico Bruni , 6ߚline poem, title "Lodovici Bruni de rana", inc. "Iam genus humanum cesset iactare sepulcra ...", expl. "... artificis nusquam tale videtur opus".
ff. 159v-160, ruled but blank.
ff. 167v-170v, Poggio Bracciolini, Epistola de morte Hieronymi Pragensis , title "Epistola Pogii ad Leonardum Aretinum de morte Hieronimi heretici", inc. "Pogius Leonardo Aretino salutem dicit. Cum pridem ab balnea fuissem ...", expl. "... quod iuditio tuo relinquo. Vale 3o Kalendas iulii Hieronimus penas luit. Scriptum anno Domini MCCCLXXVI" (Prosatori latini del Quattrocento, a cura di E. Garin [Milano, 1952], 228-40).
(According to the table of contents on ff. 1-5, there were 33 folios, now lacking, at the end of the Bracciolini text, foliated 161-193v, containing the Ludus schaccorum by Jacobus de Cessolis).
ff. 171-180v, Buonaccorso da Montemagno Jr., Controversia de nobilitate , title "Titulus de nobilitate", inc. "Aput maiores nostros ...", expl. "... earum nobilior sit, padres cari (sic) vestra sententia relinquitur" (Hain, 1576; Rime e prose de’ due Buonaccorsi da Montemagno, ed. G. B. Casotti [Firenze, 1718], 2-97). f. 180v, written in another contemporary gothic hand, "Subsequuntur facecie Pogii poete laureati scripte ob animi Io. Gherinx phisici novitatem" (the table of contents on f. 5 contains the same text as beginning on f. 204, but the entire text is now lacking because of the loss of folios at the end of the ms.).
2nd. f.: [iuve]nes res
ORIGIN
Written in large part in St. Trond (in the province of Limbourg), Low Countries, by Johannes Gherinx during the years 1462-64, as per the colophons appearing after almost each text:1 f. 5, "Scripta est hec tabula per manus Iohannis Gherinx phisici anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo sexagesimo quarto, augusti vicesimo nono, hora prima post meridiem"; f. 31v, "Io. Gherinx phisicus scripsit anno 1463o kalendas februari in domo proprie habitacionis in Sancto Trudone tunc residenciam faciens"; f. 39v, "Io. Gherinx medicorum minimus scripsit"; f. 160v, "Iohannes Gherinx phisicus scripsit. 1464, 29 augusti"; f. 180v, "Explicit controversia de nobilitate inter Publium Cornelium Scipionem et Gayum Flamineum per legum doctorem egregiumque oratorem Bonacursum Pistoriensem et copiata per manus Io. Gherinx phisici anno Domini 1462o in vigilia nativitatis hora octava in Sancto Trudone in domo proprie habitacionis".
PROVENANCE
Unidentified arms on f. 11, two crossed swords argent, a rose below them on a red shield, blue ground and red circle frame; on the first flyleaf recto is the inscription, the beginning is rubbed, "... nomen eius" and "est negavit" (?); on the first flyleaf verso, "Data quando Leodienses subiacuerunt principi Burgundie ad libitum eius et quando dominum episcopum Lodevicum de Borbon expulsum vi receperunt in dominum. Ecce quam faceti sunt nunc Leodienses. 1467. Nich hoc saecht moedich sijn si nu di ludikers. Elc mach wel daghen nu ter tijt"; sold by Karl und Faber, Sept. 1943, lot 30; acquired by the Newberry Library from the auction of Dr. Ernest Housewedell, 1950. Formerly 36.1 .
BIBLIOGRAPHY
De Ricci, Suppl., p. 153; acquisition announced by Hans Baron in Renaissance News, VII (1954), 146. Dutschke, Census, no. 31, pp. 99-104.

Notes
1. Iohannes Gherinx copied another manuscript in St. Trond four years earlier in 1460, as reported in Catalogus Bibliothecae Musei nationalis Hungarici; Codices Latini medii aevi, recensuit E. Bartoniek (Budapest, 1940), p. 107, no. 117; for four other manuscripts possibly copied by the same scribe, see Bénédictins du Bouveret, Colophons des manuscrits occidentaux des origines au XVIe siècle (Fribourg, 1965-73), nos. 5758 and 9826-9828.

Abbreviations
Opera:
Francisci Petrarchae Florentini ... Opera quae extant omnia. Basileae, 1554, in 2 vols. (reissued, 1581, in 4 vols.).
Hortis, A. Scritti inediti di Francesco Petrarca ... Trieste, 1874.
Prose di Francesco Petrarca, a cura di G. Martellotti, P. G. Ricci, E. Carrara, E. Bianchi. Milano-Napoli, 1955.
Rime, Trionfi e poesie latine, a cura di F. Neri, G. Martellotti, E. Bianchi, N. Sapegno. Milano-Napoli, 1951.
Branca, Tradizione, I
Branca, Vittore. Tradizione delle opere di Giovanni Boccaccio. Roma, 1958
; and
Studi sul Boccaccio, II (vol. II, pp. 15-36), III (vol. IV, pp. 1-18), IV (vol. IX, pp. 1-19), V (vol. XIII, pp. 5-9).
Briquet
Briquet, C.M. Les Filigranes, facsimile of the 1907 edition with supplementary material, ed. A. Stevenson. 4 vols. Amsterdam, 1968.
De Ricci, Suppl.
Supplement of De Ricci, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada, originated by C.U. Faye and continued by W.H. Bond. New York, 1962.
Dutschke, Census
Dutschke, D. Census of Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States, Padova, 1986.
Hain
Repertorium bibliographicum.
PL
Migne, J. P., ed. Patrologia latina.
Walther, Initia carminum
Walther, H. Initia carminum ac versuum Medii Aevi posterioris Latinorum. Göttingen, 1959.

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