Census of the Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States


NEW YORK, NEW YORK NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY

Ms. 87

Parchment, ff. I (modern paper) + 211 + II (modern paper), the folios of the Rerum vulg. fragm. are numbered on upper center margin in Roman numerals, I-CXX, in red ink, 232 × 135 (150 × 85) mm., 29 verses per page, 18 (+1st and 2nd) 28 38 (+6th) 48 (+3rd) 58 (+9th) 68 (+9th) 78 810 9-248 258 (+9th, 10th and 11th), plain vertical catchwords, ruled in ink, written by one person, a rapid calligraphic humanistic script. Decoration: each triumph begins with an illumination within a full-page monumental colored marble architectural border and miniature by Cristoforo Majorana: f. 11, an illumination of a blindfolded Cupid atop a burning candelabra on a chariot being pulled by four gray horses, with lovers crowded around the chariot, mountains and sky in the background; f. 25, a woman on a pedestal with blindfolded Cupid below kneeling in submission on a chariot, the chariot is pulled by two gray unicorns, surrounded by a crowd, within an architectural frame similar to f. 11; f. 31, a standing skeleton with a scythe atop a chariot being pulled by four black oxen with fallen bodies around and beneath the chariot, same type of architectural border frame as f. 11, except for various objects (bow, shields, arrows, bells, hats, horn of plenty) hanging on the sides with a skull at the base; f. 42, illumination of a woman kneeling holding a sword in one hand and Cupid in the other, within a medallion atop a chariot being pulled by two elephants, and a crowd behind the chariot, with the same architectural frame as f. 31 with trophies and other objects hanging from the sides; f. 54, the Trinity and angels atop an altar, surrounded by devout followers, angels blowing trumpets and the symbols of the evangelists in the forefront, with the same type of architectural border frame as f. 31; f. 64, the Rerum vulg. fragm. begins with a full-page monumental marble architectural border, multicolored, with putti and trophies hanging from the sides, an illumination hanging from the arch of a man (Petrarch?) standing, blue robe with a red hood, gazing at a laurel tree, two women (holding musical instruments) at his sides, with a background of hills, trees, lake and sky; in the lower margin two winged putti support the arms; ff. 24v, 30v, 41v, 53v and 63v, on the facing pages of the Triumphi and the beginning of the Rerum vulg. fragm., are tinged in purple and contain an architectural border of many colors including gold, with epigraphic capitals in gold, which serve as frontispieces, some added on separate folios later; the capitoli of the Triumphi begin with a 2ߚline gold initial on a rectangular (blue, purple, red or green) ground with white highlighting, outlined in gold and black; the poems of the Rerum vulg. fragm. begin with a 2ߚline gold initial similar to those of the Triumphi. Binding, English red morocco with gilt edges and "Petrarcha ms. in pergam" written on the spine; paper label at the bottom of the spine with "No. 87". ff. 1-2v, blank.
ff. 3-10, index of first verses of the Rerum vulg. fragm.
f. 10v, blank.
ff. 11-56v, Petrarch, Triumphi , inc. (Tr. cup. I) "Nel tempo che rinnova i miei sospiri ... Vien Giove incatenato innanzi al carro"; f. 14, (Tr. cup. III) "Parte seconda del triumpho dell’amore, Era sì pieno il cor di meraviglie ... Et quale il mel temprato con l’assentio"; f. 17, (Tr. cup. IV) "Parte tertia del triumpho dell’amore, Poscia che mia fortuna in forza altrui ... Che’l pie’ va innanzi et l’occhio torna aretro"; f. 20, (Tr. cup. II) "Parte quarta del triumpho dell’amore, Stanco già di mirar non satio ancora ... Et d’un pomo beffata al fin Cidippe"; f. 24v, inscription "He pace inimicitia che fa la pudicicia"; f. 25, (Tr. pud.) "Quando ad un giogo et in un tempo quivi ... Fra quale i’ vidi Hypolico et Ioseppe"; f. 28v, (fragm. of Tr. mort.) "Parte secunda della pudicitia, Quanti già ne l’età matura et acra ... Quella per cui ben far prima mi piacque"; ff. 29v-30 are blank; f. 30v, inscription "Ogn’altro morte anegra sol consiensia integra"; f. 31, (Tr. mort. I) "Questa leggiadra et gloriosa donna ... Morte bella parea nel suo bel viso"; f. 34, (Tr. mort II) "Parte secunda del triumpho della morte, La nocte che seguì l’orribil caso ... Tu starai in terra senza me gran tempo"; f. 37v, (fragm. of Tr. fam. I) "Parte tertia del triumpho della morte, Sel (sic) cor pien d’amarissima dolcezza ... Poi ala fine io vidi Artus et Carlo"; ff. 40v-41, blank; f. 41v, inscription, "Sola virtù se chi ama che fa perpetua fama"; f. 42, (Tr. fam. I) "Da poi che morte triumphò nel volto ... Come adiviene a chi virtù relinque"; f. 44v (Tr. fam. II) "Parte secunda del triumpho della fama, Pien d’infinita et nobil maraviglia ... Magnanimo gentil constante et largo"; f. 47, (Tr. fam. III) "Parte tertia del triumpho della fama, Io non sapea da tal vista levarme ... Che tira al ver la vaga opinione / Qui lascio e più di lor non dico avante"; f. 49v, blank; f. 50, (Tr. temp.) "Il triompho del tempo, De l’auro albergo con l’aurora innanzi ... Così il tempo triompha e nomi e ’l mondo"; f. 53, blank; f. 53v, inscription "Sola virtù superna da vita in celo eterna"; f. 54, (Tr. et.) "Da poi che sotto il ciel cosa non vidi ...", expl. "... Or che fia dunque a rivederla in cielo. Finunt (sic) Triumphi Francisci Petrarche poete". ff. 57-61, Ps. Antonio da Tempo, Vita di Petrarca (version of Canzoniere, Roma, Lauer, 1471), title "Incipit vita Francisci Petrarche poete laureati", inc. "Petrarcho figliuolo di Parenzo cittadino firentino (sic) discese d’assai antica et honesta famiglia ...", expl. "... Et septe psalmi penitentionali. Finit vita Francisci Petrarche" (Solerti, Le vite, 335-38; Mezzanotte, "Pier Candido Decembrio e la ‘vita’ del Petrarca ...", Studi petrarcheschi, I, 1984, 211-24).
ff. 61v-63, blank.
f. 63v, inscription "Ypolito podico fa Petrarcha cupido de Honeste fiamme amico". ff. 64-206, Petrarch, Rerum vulg. fragm. , inc. "Voi che ascoltate in rime sparse il suono ...", (nos. 1-17 [nos. 16 and 17 are repeated on f. 68v], 18-79, 81, 82, 80, 83-119, 122, 120, "Donna mi vene spesso nela mente", 123-242, 121, 243-336, 350, 355, 337-339, 342, 340, 351-354, 359, 341, 343, 356, 344-349, 357, 358, 360-364, 264 [repeated], 366), expl. "... Ch’accolga ’l mio spirto ultimo in pace. Finis libri Francisci Petrarche". f. 206v, Petrarch, Nota de Laura , title "Incipiunt dicta quedam reperta in quodam Virgilio in Papiensi Biblyotheca manu propria Francisci Petrarche scripta sub hac forma", f. 207, inc. "[L]aurea propriis virtutibus illustris ...", expl. "... acriter ac viriliter cogitanti. Finis". (Nolhac, Pétrarque et l’humanisme, II, 286-87). f. 207v, Petrarch, Rer. famil. , II, 9, 19, title "Haec etiam sunt verba in epistola quadam scrip (sic) ad Iacobum de Colunna Bomboriensem (sic) episcopum", inc. "Quid ergo ais finxisse me mihi ...", expl. "... Tibi labor meus notus est. Vale". (ed. Rossi, Le Familiari, I, 94-95).
ff. 208-211v, blank.
2nd. f.: (f. 12) Dicendo
ORIGIN
Written in Naples, Italy, s. XVex., by the same scribe who copied London, British Library, Harl. 3331 (and cfr. Add. 12027 , annotated by Pontano); illumination by Cristoforo Majorana.
PROVENANCE
Unidentified arms on f. 64; a fluted shield azur, head of Medusa or. Owned in 1593 by a member of the Caracciolo family: birth note on f. 2, "In nome di Cristo et della sua santissima madre Maria. Hoggi martedì dudici di ottobre mille e cinco cento novanta tre a vinti tre hore e tre quarti è nato Giovanni Antonio Caraciolo, conte di Sirino figlio del marchese mio quale Nostro Signore per sua bontà e misericordia faccia che sia nato per servitio della maestà sua del Re suo signore per contento mio della principessa mia del padre et della madre et per esaltazione della casa nostra"; below are other later notes, "Hoggi martedì dodici d’ ottobre 1672", "Al servitio della maestà sua del suo prencipe suo ecc. quale ecc.", and "Al Molto M. Sig. Osomo ecc.". On f. 210, a note by John Peachey (1722/3-1808) "This book was brought from Italy by the Reverend Hr. Crofts and sold at his sale A. D. 1783 for 18L 7sh and six pence and bought by me A. D. 1785, John Peachey, London A. D. 1785"; Rev. Thomas Crofts (1722-1781), his sale, London, by Paterson, 7 April 1783, no. 3482; bought by John Peachey in 1785; on front pastedown is the bookplate, "Westdean, Library, 1813", of Henry John Peachey, 3rd Baron Selsey of West Dean, Co. Sussex (1787-1838), his sale, London, Sotheby, 20 June 1872, no. 1726, to Quaritch whose catalogue slip (Cat. 1874, no. 18787) on front flyleaf verso is annotated by New York book collector James Lenox (1800-80); the Lenox bookplate, also on the front flyleaf verso, carries the date 1870 (12 Jan. 1870 is the date the Lenox library was incorporated for public use), whereas the ms. was purchased presumably by Lenox from Quaritch in 1874; on the back flyleaf is a pencil note "211 ff. Aug. 9, 1913, W. Eames" (former librarian-bibliographer of the New York Public Library).
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Ullman, no. 70; De Ricci, p. 1329, no. 87; Wilkins, no. 22; Jasenas, p. 30, no. 13, pl. 8 (of f. 64). E. H. Wilkins, "Manuscripts of the Canzoniere and the Triumphs of Petrarch in American Libraries", Modern Philology, XLV, no. 1 (1947), 23-35; G. Moakley, "The Tarot Trumps and Petrarch’s Trionfi", Bulletin of the New York Public Library, 60 (Feb. 1956), 55-69.

Abbreviations
De Ricci
De Ricci, S. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. 3 vols. New York, 1935-40.
Jasenas
Jasenas, M. Petrarch in America: A Survey of Petrarch Manuscripts. New York and Washington, D. C., 1974.
Nolhac, Pétrarque et l’humanisme
De Nolhac, P. Pétrarque et l’humanisme. 2 vols. Paris, 1907 (reprinted in 1965).
Rerum familiarium libri:
Le Familiari (Familiarium libri I-XXIV) di Francesco Petrarca, edizione critica per cura di V. Rossi. Firenze, 1933-42 (anastatic reproduction, Firenze, 1968), 4 vols. (vol. IV by U. Bosco).
Solerti, Le vite
Solerti, A. Le vite di Dante, Petrarca e Boccaccio scritte fino al secolo decimosesto ... Milano, 1904.
Ullman
Ullman, B. L. Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States (Censimento dei codici petrarcheschi, no. 1). Padova, 1964 (also in Italia medioevale e umanistica, v [1962], 443-475).
Wilkins
Wilkins, E.H. "Manuscripts of the Canzoniere and the Triumphs in American Libraries", Modern Philology, XLV (1947), 23-35 (updated in Wilkins, E.H. The Making of the "Canzoniere" and Other Petrarchan Studies. Roma, 1951.

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