Census of the Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States


NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT YALE UNIVERSITY, BEINECKE LIBRARY

Marston MS 261

Parch. (fine Italian preparation), ff. I (modern paper) + I (modern parch.) + 181 + I (modern parch.), not foliated, 250 × 155 (160 × 85) mm., 28 verses per page, 1-1510 168 1710 1810 (+11th, 12th and 13th), plain horizontal catchwords at bottom middle, leaf signatures in red (letter of alphabet with number) severely cropped, written by Carlo di Palla Guidi, in a round humanistic script. Florentine decoration: on f. 1 is a fine illuminated 10ߚline gold initial, with a portrait of Petrarch dressed in a tunic holding a book, on a ground of blue sky and clouds; the initial is on a blue ground with white vinestem, green and light burgundy infilling, and clusters of three tiny white dots; a full white vinestem decoration covers the entire border, a gold bar forms a medallion on the outer margin with a profile of a woman, along the border are putti in various positions, four putti support the blank coat of arms, multicolored birds as well as a lion inhabit the border; the decoration ends in gold rayed orbs; the Triumphi on ff. 143, 155v, 159, 168v, 176 and 178v begin with a 6ߚline gold initial on a blue ground with white vinestem decoration, green and burgundy infilling and clusters of three tiny white dots; the white vinestem extends into the margin, and along the entire inner margin on f. 143, ending in gold rayed orbs; all the other capitoli of the Triumphi begin with plain blue 3ߚline initials; the poems of the Rerum vulgarium fragmenta begin with plain blue 2ߚline initials; the strophes, terzine and quartine begin with alternating red and blue paragraph marks. Modern binding, brown calf over paper boards. ff. 1-142, Petrarch, Rerum vulg. fragm. , inc. "Voi ch’ascoltate in rime sparse il suono ..." (nos. 1-325, f. 123v, "Finita la canzone, seguita i sonetti", 326-336, 350, 355, 337-349, 356-365, 351, 352, 354, 353, 366), expl. "... Ch’accholga il mio spirto ultimo in pace. Deo gratias. Finito le canzone et sonetti di messer Francesco Petrarca. Incomincia i Triumphi".
f. 142v, blank.
ff. 143-181, Petrarch, Triumphi , title "Francisci Petrarcche poete clarissimi de amore triumphus primus incipit", inc. (Tr. cup. I) "Nel tempo che rinova i miei sospiri ... Vien cathenato Iove innanzi al carro"; f. 145v, (Tr. cup. III) "Secunda pars huius triumphi, Era sì pieno il cor di maraviglie ... Et quale è il mele temperato collo assentio"; f. 149, (Tr. cup. IV) "Tertia pars primi triumphi, Poscia che mia fortuna in forza altrui ... Che ’l pie’ va inanzi et l’occhio torna adietro"; f. 152, (Tr. cup. II) "Quarta pars primi triumphi, Stanco già di mirar non satio anchora ... Et d’un pomo beffata al fin Cylippe"; f. 155v, (Tr. pud.) "Triumphus secundus de domina Laura, Quando ad un giogo et in un tempo quivi ... Fra quali io vidi Ipolito et Ioseppe"; f. 159, (Tr. mort. I) "Triumphus tertius de morte, Questa leggiadra et gratiosa donna ... Morte bella parea nel suo bel viso"; f. 162, (Tr. mort. II) "Secunda pars huius triumphi, La nocte che seguì l’orribil caso ... Tu starai in terra senza me gran tempo"; f. 165v, (fragment of Tr. fam. I) "Tertia pars tertius triumphi, Nel cor pien d’amarissima dolcezza ... Poi alla fine vidi Arturo et Karlo"; f. 168v, (Tr. fam. I) "Quartus triumphus de fama, Da poi che morte triumphò nel volto ... Sì come aviene a chi virtù relinque"; f. 170v, (Tr. fam. II) "Secunda pars huius triumphi, Pieno d’infinita et nobil maraviglia ... Magnanimo gentil constante et largo"; f. 173v, (Tr. fam. III) "Tertia pars, Io non sapea di tal vista levarme ... Che tira al vero la vaga opinione / Qui lascio et più di lor non dico avante"; f. 176, (Tr. temp.) "Quintus triumphus de tempore, Nel taureo albergo colla aurora inanzi ... Così il tempo triumpha e’ nomi e ’l mondo"; f. 178v, (Tr. et.) "Sestus et ultimus triumphus de divinitate, Da poi che sotto il ciel cosa non vidi ...", expl. "... Or che fia dunque a rivederla in cielo. Deo gratias. Francisci Petrarcche poete clarissimi triumphi expliciunt".
2nd. f.: Quei che
ORIGIN
Written in Florence, Italy, by Carlo di Palla Guidi for Francesco della Foresta on 28 July 1464; see date on f. 181, "Die vigesimo optavo iulii MCCCCoLXIIIIo", and the colophon on f. 181v, "Ego Carolus Palle Guidi domino Francisco de Forestis (della Foresta) hunc librum transcripsi, laus Deo" (visible with ultraviolet lamp, and written above a rayed sun).1
PROVENANCE
The library stamp of the Carmelite convent of St. Paul, Florence, appears in the medallion on f. 1, over the erased arms; the unidentified library stamp of "CR" within a small circle is on the 2nd front flyleaf recto, on the back flyleaf and on the back pastedown; the manuscript was owned by Charles Carmichael Lacaita (1853-1933), the son of Sir James (Giacomo Filippo) Lacaita (1813-1895); see the bookplate of Charles and Mary (his wife, d. 1924) on the front pastedown, "Caroli ac Mariae Lacaitae filiorumque. Selham. Sussex"; sold in London in 1936. Purchased by T. E. Marston from H. P. Kraus in 1960 and later bequeathed to the Beinecke Library.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Ullman, no. 51; De Ricci, Suppl., p. 95, no. 261; Jasenas, pp. 26-27, no. 7, pl. 4 (of. f. 1).

Notes
1. The scribe Carlo di Palla Guidi copied six other manuscripts for Francesco della Foresta: Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Plut. XLI, 22 (written in 1463) and Strozz. XXXII (written in 1449); Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Magliab., CL. VII, 104 (written in 1461) and Palat. 27 (written in 1457); Oxford, Bodleian Library, Canon. ital. 220 (written in 1484); and Venezia, Biblioteca Marciana, It. V, 10 (written in 1449). Albinia de la Mare, "New Research on Humanistic Scribes in Florence," p. 491, no. 12.

Abbreviations
De Ricci, Suppl.
Supplement of De Ricci, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada, originated by C.U. Faye and continued by W.H. Bond. New York, 1962.
Jasenas
Jasenas, M. Petrarch in America: A Survey of Petrarch Manuscripts. New York and Washington, D. C., 1974.
Ullman
Ullman, B. L. Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States (Censimento dei codici petrarcheschi, no. 1). Padova, 1964 (also in Italia medioevale e umanistica, v [1962], 443-475).

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