Census of the Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States


NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT YALE UNIVERSITY, BEINECKE LIBRARY

MS 706

Paper (watermark: Drache, similar to Piccard II, no. 547 [Ferrara, 1456] and Piccard II, no. 958 [Parma, 1479]), ff. I (modern paper) + 186 (f. 180 is loose) + I (modern paper), not foliated, 184 × 124 (145/150 × 70/80) mm., 18 2-1010 1110 (minus 10th) 2 contemporary folios inserted, 1210 (minus first folio) 1310-1810 1910 (minus last two folios), there are parchment reinforcing strips on the inside and outside of each quire, 28-29 verses per page, horizontal catchwords at middle bottom, humanistic cursive script. Decoration: f. 9, a 5ߚline finely executed purple and silver initial on a rectangular frame and infilling; each poem begins with a large red initial, Rerum vulg. fragm. begin with title in red capitals; the poems are numbered in red Arabic numerals; colophon on f. 186r is in red ink. Early modern binding, natural color parchment with thong ties replaced; writing on the spine: "Petrarca manuscritto." ff. 1-6v, Alphabetical list of first verses of Rerum vulg. fragm. (with Arabic number of poem, in red), inc. "A pie de colli ove la bella - 8 ... Zephyro torna el bel - 310."
f. 7r, blank.
ff. 7v-8r, Petrarch, De morte Magonis fratris Hannibalis ( Africa , VI, vv. 885-918), (title in red) "Oratio hec in Africa .D. F. P. & fuit Magonis fratris Hannibalis qui tempore belli Punici secundi, dum in Liguribus bellum gereret, fuit apud Genuam [v]ulneratus & in Africa rediens dum esset apud Sardiniam vicinis morti sic loquutus est. In fine VI. Libię Africę", inc. "Hic postquam medio iuvenis stetit equore Poenus ...", expl., "... Fraternosque suos simul patrieque dolores. Finis." (L’Africa, edizione critica per cura di N. Festa, Florence, 1926, pp. 168-169).1
f. 8v, blank.
ff. 9r-148r, Petrarch, Rerum vulg. fragm. , (archaic capitals, in red) "Francisci Petrarcae poetae clarissimi carmen rithimonos elegiacum in Lauram feliciter incipit," inc. "Voi ch’ascoltate in rime sparse ’l suono ..." (nos. 1, 3, 2, 4-71 (the number 71 is repeated, but the 71st poem is not), 72-122, "Donna mi vien spesso nela mente", 123-263, (ff. 70rv-71r, Babylon sonnets, nos. 136, 137 and 138 are framed with an ink line border), f. 107r "Que sequuntur post mortem domine Lauree scripta sunt. Ita .N. proprio codice domini Francisci annotatum est & carte quatuor pretermisse vacue," followed by 264 (f. 107v, poem interrupted at v. 53, ff. 108-109 inserted, continue the poem, as well as nos. 265 and 266, in another contemporary hand), 267-339, 342, 340, 351-354, 350, 355, 360, 344, 345, 359, 341, 343, 356, 346-349, 357, 358, 361-363, 365, 364, 366, expl. "ch’acolga el spirito mio ultimo in pace. Deo gratias (Amen canceled)."2 f. 148rv, Nota de Laura , (in red) "Scriptum manu propria domini F. P. in quodam eius Virgilio visum est," inc. "Laura propriis virtutibus illustris ...", expl., "... exitus acriter ac viriliter cogitanti. Finis." (Nolhac, Pétrarque et l’humanisme, II, 286-87).3 ff. 149r-186r, Petrarch, Triumphi , inc. (ff. 149r-151v , Tr. cup. I) "Capitulum primum" (title in red), "Nel tempo che rinova i mei sospiri ... Vien catenato Iove inanti al carro"; (ff. 151v-155r, Tr. cup. III) "Capitulum secundum" (title in red), "Era sì pien el cor di meraviglie ... & qual’è ’l mel temprato con l’ascentio"; (ff. 155r-158r, Tr. cup. IV) "Capitulum tertium" (title in red), "Poscia che mia fortuna in forz’altrui ... Che ’l pie’ va ’nanzi & l’occhio torna dietro"; (ff. 158r-161r, Tr. cup. II) "Capitulum quartum" (title in red), "Stanco già di mirar non satio ancora ... & d’un pomo beffata al fin Cidippe"; (ff. 161r-164v, Tr. pud.)4 "Capitulum quintum" (title in red), "Quando ad un giogo & ad un tempo quivi ... fra gli altri vidi Ipolito & Ioseppe"; (ff. 164v-167v, Tr. mort. I)5 "Capitulum sextum" (title in red), "Quella legiadra & gloriosa donna ... Morte bella parea nel suo bel viso"; (ff. 167v-168r, fragm. Tr. mort.) "Capitulum septimum" (title in red), "Quanti già nel età matura & agra ... Quella per cui ben far prima mi piaque"; (ff. 168r-171r, Tr. mort. II) "Capitulum octavium" (title in red), "La nocte che seguì l’orribil caso ... Tu starai in terra senza me gran tempo"; (ff. 171r-174r, fragm. Tr. fam. I) "Capitulum nonum" (title in red), "Nel cor pien d’amarissima dolceza ... Po’ alla fin sopra vidi Artuse & Carlo"; (f. 174r-176r, Tr. fam. I)6 "Capitulum decimum" (title in red), "Da po’ che morte triumphò nel volto ... Come advien a cui virtù nimichi"; (ff. 176r-179r, Tr. fam. II) "Capitulum undecimum" (title in red), "Pien d’infinita & nobil meraviglia ... Magnanimo gentil constante & largo"; (ff. 179r-181r, Tr. fam. III) "Capitulum duodecimum" (title in red), "I’ non sapea di tal vista levarme ... Qui basta & più di lor non scrivo avante"; (ff. 181r-183v, Tr. temp.)7 "Capitulum terciumdecimum" (title in red), "Ne l’aureo albergo co’ l’aurora inanze ... Così ’l tempo triumphò e nomi ’l mondo"; (ff. 183v-186r, Tr. et.)8 "Capitulum quartumdecimum" (title in red), "Da po che sotto ’l ciel cosa non vidi ... Or che fie aduncha a rivederla in celo. Finis."9 f. 186r, (in red) "Sit laus Christo onnipotenti Deo. Verone anno incarnationis suę Mo.CCCoLXXXXIIIo."
f. 186v, blank.
ORIGIN
Written probably in Verona in the late fifteenth century. The colophon on f. 186r, "Sit laus Christo omnipotenti Deo/ Verone, Anno incarnationis sue Mo CCCo LXXXXIIIo" may indicate that MS 706 is a copy of a previous manuscript written in 1393, or perhaps the scribe left out a "C" which would have indicated 1493 instead of the improprobable date of 1393 for this manuscript. The texts of MS 706 (including the order of the Rerum vulg. fragm. poems, order of the Triumphi, the Africa, VI, vv. 885-918, and Nota de Laura, as well as similar titles and rubrics) are closely connected to a group of Petrarch manuscripts (probably written by the same Ferrarese scribe): Vatican Library, Regin. lat. 1110 ; British Library, Harley 3442 ; Bodleian Library, Canonici Ital. 70 , and Canonici 76 ; Exeter College, 187 ; Padova Biblioteca del Seminario, ms. CIX ; London, Bernard Quaritch Ltd., Catalogue 933, lot 175 .10 MS 706 is the only manuscript which contains all of the texts (Rerum vulg. fragm., Triumphi, Africa, VI, vv. 885-918, and Nota de Laura), as well as the reference to the year 1393 in the colophon, indicating that it may be the closest one to the exemplar. On f. 113r, bottom margin: ".N.q. (crude design of a dragon) .2.v."
PROVENANCE
Ms. acquired by the Beinecke Library in July 1989 from Laurence Witten Rare Books, Southport, CT.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
A brief description of MS 706 appears in Dennis Dutschke, "Census of Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States: Supplement 1," Petrarca, Verona e l’Europa (Studi sul Petrarca, 26), Padua, Editrice Antenore, 1997, pp. 463-464. Bernard Quaritch Ltd., Printed Books and Manuscripts Catalogue, London, 1973, no. 933, lot 175, p. 54.

Notes
1. The same title and text appear in: Oxford, Bodleian Library, Canonici Ital. 70 ; London, Bernard Quaritch, Cat. 933, no. 175 .
2. The order of the Rerum vulg. fragm. poems in MS 706 suggests that it is a form of the Canzoniere that follows the Malatesta form and joins the fluid state of the collection as it is represented in a number of manuscripts composed during the period between the Malatesta form and before Vat. lat. 3195 , between the years 1371 or 1372-Jan. 4, 1373 (when Malatesta is believed to have been composed) and Petrarch’s death on July 18/19, 1374. The note on MS 706 would also suggest that this particular version is based on an exemplar that was annotated by Petrarch and contained four blank folios at the end of the first part. The order of the poems 264-366 in MS 706 (in addition to no. 3 following no. 2, and the ballad Donna following no. 122), corresponds exactly with a group of manuscripts that were written at approximately the same time (second half of 15th century) and place (North-eastern Italy), and all include the same note between nos. 263 and 264, "Que sequuntur post mortem domine Lauree scripta sunt. Ita .N. proprio codice domini francisci annotatum est & carte quatuor pretermisse vacue": Vatican Library, Regin. lat. 1110 ; Oxford, Bodleian Library, Canonici Ital. 70 ; Oxford, Bodleian Library, Exeter College, 187 ; London, Bernard Quaritch, Cat. 933, no. 175 . Cornell University, Mss Bd. Petrarch P P49 R51 (Census, p. 121, no. 42; written in Ferrara in ca. 1460) has the same order of poems. The last poems beginning with no. 340 have a similar order in Padova, Seminario Vescovile, Cod. CIX ; Vatican Library, Urb. 684 .
3. The same title and note appear in: Oxford, Bodleian Library, Canonici Ital. 76 and Exeter College 187 ; London, Bernard Quaritch, Cat. 933, no. 175 .
4. In margin, written in red, and partially cropped: "Triumphi ... qualiter ... Triumph ... Cupidi".
5. In margin, written in red, and partially cropped: " ...s Tertius ... mors ter ... donna"
6. In margin, written in red, and partially cropped: "Quartus T ... qualiter s... umphavi..."
7. In margin, written in red, and partially cropped: "Tri ... qual ... tri ... fa"
8. In margin, written in red, and partially cropped: "...is sextus ... is, de ...ate."
9. The order and titles of the Triumphi are the same in: London, British Library, Harley 3442 ; Oxford, Bodleian Library, Canonici Ital. 70 and Exeter College 187 ; London, Bernard Quaritch, Cat. 933, no. 175 ; Cornell, Mss Bd. Petrarch P P 49 R51 ; Vatican Library, Urb. 684 and Regin. lat. 1110 .
10. Cfr. Marco Vattasso, I codici petrarcheschi della Biblioteca Vaticana, Rome, Tipografia poliglotta vaticana, 1908, no. 113, pp. 102-104, and Nicholas Mann, "Petrarch Manuscripts in the British Isles," Italia medioevale e umanistica, XVIII, 1975, nos 109, 184, 190, 257, and 265, as well as footnote on p. 507.

Abbreviations
Piccard
G. Piccard, Die Wasserzeichenkartei Piccard im Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart (Stuttgart 1961- )

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