Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library
MILES HOGARDE, MIRROURE OF MYSERIEff. 1-24v: [Frontispiece:] A Mirroure of myserie, newly complied and sett forthe by Myles Huggarde seruaunte to ye quenes moste excellente maiestie, Anno Domini M.D.lvii. [f. lv, blank; f. 2, Dedication:] To the most excellente and vertuouse ladie, and oure moste gratiouse souereigne, Mary…[f. 3v, signed:] Youre highnes Pore humble servaunte Myles Huggard. [f. 4, Prologue:] Wheare welth dothe want & woo encrease/ Man may that wante bewale…[f. 6, Text:] Beinge in studie of the worldes estate/ weyinge the workes of euery wyghte…And by lernynge with fauore the same to correcte/ For my will is goode, thoughe my witte I suspecte. Finis. [ff. 25-26v, blank]
Mirroure of Myserie by Miles Hogarde. Parchment, ff. iii (modern parchment) + 26 + iii (modern parchment); 170 × 135 (114 × 60) mm. 14(-1) 26 3-44 56 64(-4). Prologue in 3 4-line stanzas per page; text and dedication in 3 7-line stanzas per page; ruled in lead. Written in a late textura script; biblical citations in the margins in a humanistic script. Pen and ink frontispiece of a crowned lion and a dragon supporting the arms of England and France quarterly, with a full foliage border of fleur-de-lis (France) and Tudor roses (England, i.e. Mary) in the outer margin, and pomegranates (Granada, i.e. Philip) and gillyflowers (?) in the inner border; the pomegranate and rose, impaled, hang as a pendant from the upper border, and a daisy grows straight up from the middle of the lower border; at the feet of the 2 heraldic animals, the initials R. T. On f. 6, pen and ink drawing, 60 × 95 mm., of 2 people on a hill overlooking a town labelled “Sodom and Gomorrha.” Large calligraphic strapwork or foliage initials on ff. 2, 4 and 6. Bound by F. Bedford in brown russia, gold tooled; gilt edges. Written in England. The text is intended as a New Year’s gift to Queen Mary (f. 2v, “As a token that the new yeare doth begyn/ I presente to your grace…”); HM 121 could possibly be the presentation copy; no other copy, printed or manuscript, is known to exist. De Ricci, referring to the initials R. T. on the frontispiece, has suggested that HM 121 might be a transcript of an edition printed by Richard Tottell; however, there seems to be no evidence to support this. The manuscript is dated 1557, possibly Old Style; in that case, it may not be the book listed among the “New Year’s Gifts presented to Queen Mary in 1556” [which is certainly Old Style, as the subtitle refers to 3 and 4 Philip and Mary] in Illustrations of the Manners and Expences of Antient Times in England… (printed by and for John Nichols, London 1797) p. 13: “By Myles Huggard, a book written. With the Quene her Maiestie”; her return gift, op. cit., p. 24: “To Myles Huggard, oone guilte salte, Raynes per oz., 5 oz. di.”1 In the dedication, Hogarde admits to a yearly tradition, “To presente youre grace, then thus baselie/ With suche a rude booke every yeare…” On f. 26, an inscription, s. XVI: “Thi mother naturall and loueynge to her little power [?] Elyzabethe Rychers wissethe to the my dowghter Ceselia all helthe and perfitt felisite.” Belonged to Major Thomas Pearson (1740?-81); his sale, 14 April 1788, lot 2162 to Lord Charlemont. The Charlemont sale was to have taken place 10 July 1865 (this manuscript as lot 1073), but a large portion of the collection burned in the fire at Sotheby’s on 28 June; some of the surviving books were sold on 11 August 1865, including this one, as lot 221 to Toovey. Belonged to the Rev. Thomas Corser (1793-1876); his sale, Sotheby’s, 6 August 1869, pt. III, lot 542 to Ellis. Sold in 1869 by Hazlitt to Henry Huth (1815-78); see The Huth Library 2:745; Alfred H. Huth (1850-1910) sale, Sotheby’s, 2 June 1913, pt. III, lot 3894 to Quaritch. Source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: DNB, s.v. Huggarde p. 158. De Ricci, 52.
1 We thank Dr. William A. Ringler for these references.
C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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