Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library
CISTERCIAN MISSAL1. ff. 1-50v: Temporale, beginning defectively in the third Sunday after Easter, through the 25th Sunday after Pentecost. 2. ff. 50v-55v: Prefaces and canon of the mass. 3. ff. 55v-130: Sanctorale, Benedict (21 March) through Nicholas (6 December); included are masses of Adalbert, Robert, Justus and Pastor, Bernard, Benignus and Malachius; various later hands have added in the margins masses for Stanislas (f. 65), the Visitation (with full office, ff. 81v-83), the note “collectas de beata margareta et de divisione apostolorum require in fine libri” (f. 84v, sending one to f. 141v), Wenceslas (f. 112v), the 11,000 Virgins (in addition to the mass already copied in the text, f. 118v), Edmund of Abingdon (f. 124v), Elisabeth of Thuringia (with full office, f. 125). 4. ff. 130-139v: Votive masses: In dedicatione ecclesie, In nova dedicatione, In dedicatione altaris, of the Trinity, Holy Spirit, Holy Cross (offertory: Verbum crucis…), the Virgin, ad poscenda suffragia sanctorum (with collect, secret and postcommunion only), pro familiaribus, pro pace postulanda, pro peccatis, pro infirmis, pro iter agentibus, pro tribulatione ecclesie, missa propria sacerdotis ending defectively in the postcommunion,…per hec que sumpsi purificationem mentis et corporis et mearum// 5. f. 140r-v: Beginning defectively in the postcommunion of the oratio generalis [Sumpta sacramenta quesumus domine crimina nostra detergat…] //marie et omnibus sanctorum a nobis procul repellant…, with offices for the dead, ending defectively in the secret pro presente funere,…Annue nobis domine ut anima famuli tui remissionem quam semper optavit mereatur// 6. f. 141r-v: Full office of Elizabeth, beginning defectively in the collect: [Tuorum corda fidelium deus miserator…] //gaudere. Per dominum…, with collect, secret and postcommunion of Bartholomew; [added by later hands:] Kyrie eleison and Recordare virgo mater, noted; collect, secret and postcommunion pro concordia; [added in various hands on f. 141v:] collect, secret and postcommunion of the following masses: contra malas cogitaciones, contra temptaciones carnis, for Epiphany, for the octave of Epiphany, Margaret, Divisio apostolorum; prayers for the blessing of water, starting with the blessing of salt, Exorzizo te creatura salis… Parchment, ff. i (modern parchment) + 141 (with f. 108 bis) + i (modern parchment); 315 × 215 (225 × 150) mm. First quire missing as shown by signatures, 28(-1, 2, 3,) 3-188 198(-8) 20 (2 leaves remain; f. 141v with quire signature). Quire signatures in roman numerals on the verso of the last leaf, usually enclosed in red frames. On f. 57, in the center lower margin, the number “iiii,” this being the fourth leaf of quire 9. 2 columns of 29 lines, ruled in brown ink, top and bottom 2 lines full across; pricking visible in outer margins. Written in a still-round littera textualis, with beginning signs of gothic script, in 2 sizes according to liturgical function. Music in staffless neumes for the better known tunes; otherwise on 4-line staves with C or F clefs indicated; later additions, as on f. 51, in “nagelschrift” notation. On f. 53v (Canon of the Mass), a 16-line miniature the width of one column, in romanesque style representing the Crucifixion with Mary and John on either side of the cross; the miniature enclosed by a wide green frame with gold squares at the corners and at the middle of the long sides. 6- or 5-line initials on ff. 11 (Pentecost), 53v (Te igitur) and 97v (Assumption) in pink or blue biting animal interlace forms, with a few colored stylized acanthus leaves, against gold grounds and enclosed by pink or blue square frames. On f. 50v, 4-line, parted blue and green initial with red and blue flourishing for the Common Preface; 4- and 3-line parted red and blue initials with both colors in the flourishing (ff. 5, 5v, 55v, 76, 79, 104, 104v, 130); 3- and 2-line initials alternating red and bright blue, with flourishing of both colors; 1-line initials alternating red and blue. Rubrics throughout. Two sets of contemporary, or nearly, foliation in the center of the recto’s outer margin: the first, either erased or cancelled, runs through f. 121, where it reads “cxxxi”; the second, on ff. 56-132, numbers from “i” to “lxxvi,” but with two duplications: “xxviii” on ff. 83 and 84, and “xxxviiii” and “xxxix” on ff. 95 and 96. Bound in dark red morocco by Zaehnsdorf. Written for a Cistercian abbey in Bohemia, as indicated by the Alleluia verses of the Sundays after Pentecost and by the saints of the sanctorale1; Margaret, placed at 13 July (on f. 84v, between the Seven Brothers and the Divisio Apostolorum) rather than at 20 July, also suggests an origin in the Germanic area of Europe. The date of the copying may lie between 1252 (when Adalbert of Prague was inscribed in the Cistercian calendar) and 1255 (when the feast of Stanislas was introduced in the Cistercian calendar; here it has been added in the lower margin of f. 65). The book may have belonged at a later time to a monastery of Benedictine nuns: on f. 55v is an added line, “Salvam fac ancillam tuam,” with a tie mark to the office of Benedict. On the front pastedown, the bookplate of the Piedmontese Counts Cays di Giletta e Caselette, engraved by Teresa Ramis Ronzini of Turin (ca. 1810?). Belonged to Henry White; his sale, Sotheby’s, 21 April 1902, lot 1510 to Quaritch; alien sequestrated property sale, Anderson, New York, 17 February 1919, n. 29 to G. D. Smith; precise source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 89. Aspects of Medieval England, n. 38 open at f. 51.
Bohemia, s. XII2
1 We are indebted to Prof. Robert Amiet for his help in localizing and dating this manuscript.
C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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