Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library

HM 1077

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BREVIARY, use of Autun
France, s. XV2
ff. 1-247v: Temporale, Advent through the 23rd Sunday after Pentecost, followed by the offices for Trinity Sunday and its week; on ff. 28v-29v, the introit, lessons, offertory and postcommunion of the first mass of Christmas. [f. 248r-v, ruled, but blank] Parchment, ff. i (modern paper) + 248 + ii (modern paper); 299 × 215 (194-195 × 128-129) mm. 1-318. Catchwords in lower right margin, visible only in quires 15 (f. 120v) and 30 (f. 240v); signatures apparently in letters and roman numerals in lower right corner: the only remaining signature on the third leaf of quire 29, f. 227, as “n iii.” 2 columns of 34 lines, ruled in pale red ink; slash pricking visible in the outer margin of a few leaves. Written in a gothic book hand in 2 sizes. Four 8-line miniatures and 6 historiated initials of varying size by the artist identified as the Master of the Burgundian Prelates by N. Reynaud; see her article in Études d’art français offerts à Ch. Sterling, ed. A. Châtelet and N. Reynaud (Paris 1975) 151-63. On these leaves, full or ¾ borders usually of dense, multicolored acanthus, vines, flowers, fruits and numerous grotesques; the text separated from the outer border and between the columns by wide, decorated burnished gold bands or by narrow gold and color strips. The illuminations are: f. 1v (Advent), 6-line historiated initial of Isaiah seated indoors pointing to a scroll; in the lower margin of the outer border, on a dull gold ground, an angel supporting a coat of arms (see below); f. 25 (Christmas), 8-line historiated initial, Nativity; an angel supporting the coat of arms; f. 41v (Epiphany), 8-line historiated initial, Adoration of the Magi; coat of arms now supported by wild men against a starry blue sky, but angels and usual border visible below present painting; f. 64v (Septuagesima), 4-line historiated initial, God creating the universe; f. 110 (Palm Sunday), 4-line historiated initial, David playing his harp; f. 150v (Ascension), miniature, Ascension of Christ from a cylindrical rock still bearing his footprints; coat of arms supported by a wild man and woman; f. 159 (Pentecost), miniature, Virgin seated on the ground with the Apostles around her; f. 166v (vigil of Corpus Christi), 3-line historiated initial, an ostensorium with the Host; f. 167v (Corpus Christi), miniature, Last Supper; coat of arms supported by wild men; f. 243 (Trinity), miniature, the Father and the Son sitting on a throne sharing a cloak, an orb on their knees between them, and the Dove fluttering between their faces. Full border with dull gold ground and coat of arms supported by an angel on f. 1 (Saturday vespers before Advent); ¾ border on f. 158 (vigil of Pentecost); traced borders the length of the text in the outer margins of every page. Major initials (historiated) in white-patterned pink or blue on gold grounds, or in silver-arabesqued rose on gold grounds (ff. 25, 41v); painted gold initials, 4- and 3-line, on maroon grounds (ff. 150, 150v, 158, 159, 166v, 167v, 243); 2- and 1-line burnished gold initials on particolored dusky pink and blue grounds; initials in the text touched in yellow; liturgical directions and headings in red throughout. Bound, s. XVIII, in French green morocco with gold dentelle, in the style of Derome le Jeune. Written in the second half of the fifteenth century in France for use in the diocese of Autun, as shown by rubrics on f. 1, “Incipit breviarium secundum usum egregie ac sancte ecclesie cathedralis eduensis…” and on f. 65v, “Nota quod in ecclesia eduense pro sexta lectione nocturni legitur…” HM 1077 may have been part of a larger volume, or one of a set, since it contains references to parts of a breviary not in the present book: f. 131, “de sanctis lazaro, nazario et celso et de omnibus sanctis quere in fine breviarii” and on f. 165, “Quere supra in corpore psalterii.” Arms of the first owner in lower margins of ff. 1, 1v, 25, 41v, 150v, 167v and 243: quarterly, 1 and 4 azure, three keys (2 and 1) or in pale; 2 and 3 argent on a bend azure a tiny bird argent; apparently those of the Rolin family of Autun (Rietstap, vol. 5, pl. 181) and Landes, representing Nicolas Rolin (1376-1462) and his first wife, Marie des Landes (marriage ca. 1406); these arms used by their son, Jean Rolin (1408-83) whose personal device “Deum time” is inscribed in the initial on f. 150v; although Jean Rolin was made cardinal in 1449, the expected cardinal’s hat does not appear surmounting the arms (as it does, for example, in his missal, Lyons, Bibl. Mun. MS 517 or on the Nativity of Autun, commissioned by him from the Maître de Moulins).1 On the front pastedown, bookplate with the monogram “H.C.M.” (?) and the motto “Audentes fortuna juvat”; a note with the manuscript suggests the owner’s name was “Mackinnon.” Belonged to William Keeny Bixby (1857-1931) of St. Louis, Missouri; his sale, Anderson, New York, 29 March 1916, n. 280 with a plate of f. 150v to G. D. Smith. Sold privately by Herschel V. Jones (1861-1928) of Minneapolis to Henry E. Huntington in February 1918.
Secundo folio: (adden-)tes prevaricationem
Bibliography: De Ricci, 89.
1 We are indebted to Mme Nicole Reynaud for this information.

De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
J. B. Rietstap, Armorial général (2nd ed. 1884-87; plates 1903-26 and Supplements 1926-51 by V. Rolland and H. Rolland)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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