Sources

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This website is based on my personal experience, interviews, and previously published material.

—Richard Reynolds



Published Sources


  1. Janet Richards, Common Soldiers (Archer Press, 1979)

  2. Neeli Cherkovski, Ferlinghetti: A Biography (Doubleday & Co., 1979)

  3. Barry Silesky, Ferlinghetti: The Artist in His Time (Warner Books, 1990)

  4. Barry Miles, annotated edition of Howl (HarperPerennial, 1995)

  5. Gordon Ball, “Howl and Other Victories: A Friend Remembers City Lights’ Shig Murao” (San Francisco Chronicle, 11/28/99)

  6. Bill Morgan, The Beat Generation in San Francisco (City Lights, 2003)

  7. “City Lights Illuminates the Past” (Los Angeles Times, 5/27/03)

• “SF’s City Lights Bookstore Celebrates 50 Years in Business” (AP, 6/7/03)

  1. The San Francisco Chronicle’s three-part series on City Lights’ 50th anniversary (6/8/03–6/10/03)

  2. Bill Morgan and Nancy J. Peters, Howl on Trial (City Lights, 2006)

• “Rereading: to Save America” (The Guardian/London, 6/2/07)


Online Sources


  1. Bill Morgan, “City Lights Bookstore Tour,” from The Beat Generation in San Francisco, 2003

  2. Patricia Wakida, “Shig Murao, San Francisco Book Legend from Seattle,” AllBusiness, 2004

• Allecia Vermillion,  “Shigeyoshi Murao: Historical Essay,” San Francisco Museum and Historical Society, Summer 2009

J. K. Yamamoto, “Murao is Missing:/Bookseller Left Out of ‘Howl’ Movie,” NikkeiWest, 2010

• Patricia Wakida, “Shig Murao, Bohemian Nisei Behind the ‘Howl’ Trial,”  NikkeiWest, 2010


People Interviewed


Gordon Ball

Al Bendich

Richard Berman

Stephen Bornstein

Steward Brand

Neeli Cherkovski

Tony Dingman

Lawrence Ferlinghetti

Herb Gold

Jan Herman

Jack Hirschman

Mariuccia Iaconi

Masayuki Koga

Francis McCarthy

Kaye McDonough

Patricia McHugh

Joni Morishita

John Murao

Gerald Nicosia

Ira Nowinski

Nancy Peters

Charles Richards

Vermillion Sands

Robert Sharrard

V. Vale

Paul Yamazaki

Bob Ward

Joe Wolberg

SHIG’S STORY



SHIG’S
 DREAM   
JOB
(1953)Dream_Job_2.html

AT THE
COUNTER:
THE EARLY
YEARS
(1953)At_the_Counter.html

SHIG’S
INNER
CIRCLE
(1953)Inner_Circle_2.html


THE
HOWL
TRIAL
(1957)The_Howl_Trial_2.html


SHIG’S HEYDAY AT
CITY LIGHTS
(1960)CL_a_la_Shig_2.html


THE END
OF AN
ERA
(1975)End_of_a_Era_2.html


10:00 A.M.
AT THE
TRIESTE
(1975)10_00_A.M._%40Trieste_2.html


LIFE AFTER
CITY LIGHTS
(1976)Life_After_CL_2.html


A SAMURAI
FAMILY
(1920)Samura_family_2.html



SHIG’S
PLACE
(1976)Shigs_Place.html



SHIG’S
REVIEW
(1983)Shigs_Review_2.html


THE
FINAL
CHAPTER
(1984)Final_Chapter_2.html