His Just Dessert, The Wasp, September 11, 1886. Pp. 7-8
His Just Dessert
The Wasp, September 11, 1886. Pp. 7-8
[xfF850 W18 v.17 9/11/1886, p. 7-8]

THE WASP. San Francisco, Calif.: Wasp Pub. Co., 1876-1928.

In this colorful illustration, a cowering Geronimo recoils in the arms of "Columbia" who points the defeated Indian warrior to an awaiting gallows. The surrounding hillside is littered with headstones of those "Murdered and Scalped by the Robber Geronimo." This images was produced by the Schmidt Lithograph Company of San Francisco, who also created advertising labels for fruit and vegetable growers, and other businesses.

Geronimo (jur-ahn'-i-moh), or Goyathlay ("one who yawns"), was born in 1829 in what is today western New Mexico, but was then still Mexican territory. He was a Bedonkohe Apache (grandson of Mahko) by birth and a Net'na during his youth and early manhood. Because he fought against such daunting odds and held out the longest, he became the most famous Apache of all.

To the pioneers and settlers of Arizona and New Mexico, he was a bloody-handed murderer and this image endured until the second half of this century. In May 1882, Apache scouts working for the U.S. army surprised Geronimo in his mountain sanctuary, and he agreed to return with his people to the reservation.

After a year of farming, the sudden arrest and imprisonment of the Apache warrior Ka-ya-ten-nae, together with rumors of impending trials and hangings, prompted Geronimo to flee on May 17, 1885, with 35 warriors and 109 women, children and youths. Geronimo surrendered (Mar. 25, 1886) to Gen. George Crook, but fled once more and he finally surrendered to Gen. Nelson Miles on Sept. 4, 1886.

Geronimo's final surrender in 1886 was the last significant Indian guerrilla action in the United States. At the end, his group consisted of only 16 warriors, 12 women, and 6 children. Upon their surrender, Geronimo and over 300 of his fellow Chiricahuas were shipped to Fort Marion, Florida. One year later many of them were relocated to the Mt. Vernon barracks in Alabama, where about one quarter died from tuberculosis and other diseases.

Geronimo died on Feb. 17, 1909, a prisoner of war, unable to return to his homeland.

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