Mark Twain in the West: An Exhibition
Mining in Nevada Territory

Eight 1862 Mining Deeds and One Bond

1. H. G. Phillips to Orion Clemens, 16 January 1862, “Twenty five (25) feet on the Horatio Lode . . . on Martinez Hill” for $125.

2. H. Pfersdorff to Samuel Clemens, 28 January 1862, “ten feet in the Alba Nueva lead” in the Buena Vista District, Humboldt County, for $100.

3. Hugo Pfersdorff to John D. Kinney, 28 January 1862, “ten feet (10 ft) in that certain vein or lode of gold and silver bearing quartz known as the ‘National Company’s’, Buena Vista District, Humboldt County, for $500. Witnessed by Orion and Samuel Clemens.

4. John D. Kinney to Samuel L. Clemens, 1 March 1862, “One hundred feet (100 ft) in the ‘Allamoocha’— One hundred feet (100 ft) in the ‘Scioto’— Twelve and a half feet (12½ ft) in the 1st S Ex of ‘Winnemucca’— One hundred and twenty five feet (125 ft) in the ‘Horatio’— Two hundred feet (200 ft) in the 1st N Ex of ‘Fresno’— Two hundred feet (200 ft) in the ‘Carrie Corwin’— One hundred & fifty feet in the ‘Rosetta’— Two hundred feet in the ‘Potomac’— Twenty five feet in the ‘Danl Boone’— Twenty five feet in the ‘Great Mogul’— Twenty five feet in ‘Long Island’ Fifty feet in the ‘Mountain Flower’” for $1,000.

5. Unsold deed, D. W. Harroun, 12 July 1862, “fifty feet in each of the following named Lodes or Ledges Magna Charta, Quartz Ledge, Henry Clay, Quartz Ledge, Leland, Quartz Ledge, Margaretta, Quartz Ledge, George-Anna, Quartz Ledge, and Seward, Quartz Ledge,” in Santa Clara District, Humboldt County, for $3,500. Apparently no takers.

6. H. G. Phillips to S. L. Clemens, 22 July 1862, “Seventy five (75) feet undivided in the Discovery Claim of the Lashaway Co . . . also an undivided (50) fifty feet in the 1st north Extension of the La Plata Lode . . . also an undivided (33) thirty three feet in the Discovery Lode of the Annapolitan Ledge . . . also an undivided (66) Sixty-six feet in the 1st Southwesterly Extension of the Fily-a-Way Lode . . . also (50) fifty undivided in the Monitor Lode & Co” in Esmeralda District, Mono County, for $300.

7. C. H. Higbie to Sam. L. Clemens, 3 October 1862, “Fifty (50) feet in the First North Extension of the ‘Annapolitan’ Lode, situated on Last Chance Hill in Esmeralda Mining District,” for $200.

8. Thomas Nicholson to H. L. Joachimsen, 28 October 1862, “Ninety one (91) feet in . . . Virginia Mining District, County of Storey” for $10. Perhaps given to Clemens as security for a loan, or to hold.

9. $200 Bond from John Steiner to Orion Clemens, 2 December 1862, in repayment of a loan.

Deed to Sam Clemens from C. H. Higbie, 3 October 1862, for $500:

An undivided interest of Fifty (50) feet in the first North Extension of the “Annapolitan” Lode, situated on Last Chance Hill in Esmeralda Mining District
University of California, Berkeley Mark Twain Papers and Project Letter from Aurora Eight 1862 mining deeds and one bond Two photographs of Robert F. Howland Aurora: Sam Clemens's cabin? The overland trip west Maps Roughing It and Comments on Bret Harte Retracing Clemens's Steps A 'Call' to Literature California Gold Country San Francisco Correspondent Writing for the Enterprise Mining in Nevada Territory Exhibit Home Introduction and Chronology