Foundations of Anthropology at the University of California   Seal of The University of California
Phoebe Apperson Hearst, et al., Suggestions for the organization of a Department of Anthropology, [Berkeley, September 1901]

Suggestions for the organization of a Department of Anthropology


It shall be the duty of the Advisory Committee of the Department to suggest and to consider propositions for the development of the Department; to direct, in accordance with the wishes of patrons, the various expeditions, explorations, and researches provided for; to have the supervision of collections received and to see to their safe keeping; to have a record kept of all collections and objects received by the Department; to endeavor to secure a Museum building; and to encourage and direct researches in the various branches of Anthropology.

To aid the Committee in its work, there shall be appointed a salaried official to be designated as the Assistant Secretary and Executive Officer of the Department.

While the Department is in its formative state, under the direction of the Committee, regular instruction will not be undertaken, but as the time arrives when instruction in Anthropology can be given to the advantage of the University, it is hoped that a chair of Anthropology will be founded. For the present, it is believed that the best interests of the Department and of the University will be served by the appointment of Instructors and Assistants, who shall carry on researches and from time to time give lectures relating to their researches as may be considered desirable by the University authorities.

The work of the Department may be thus defined:- 1.Conducting special researches in the field and laboratory in the various sub-divisions of the department. 2- The preservation of materials and facts secured and the formation of a Museum. 3- The diffusion of knowledge by publications and lectures. 4- The final establishment of courses of instruction and research in the University.

University of California

Department of Anthropology.

Honorary advisory Committee of the Department.


The President of the University.

Frederick W. Putnam, Professor of American Archaeology and Cura for of the Peabody Museum, Harvard University; Curator of the Department of Anthropology, American Museum of Natural History of New York.

Phoebe A. Hearst, Regent University of California,

Alice C. Fletcher, Thaw Fellow and Assistant in American Ethnology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University.

Zelia Nuttall, Honorary Assistant in Mexican Archaeology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University.

Franz Boas, Professor of Anthropology, Columbia University; Curator of Ethnology, American Museum of Natural History of New York; Honorary Assistant in Charge of Linguistics, Bureau of American Ethnology, Washington.

J. C. Merriam, Assistant Professor of Palaeontology, University of California.

Officers of the Department.

A. L. Kroeber, Instructor in Anthropology, University of California.


P. E. Goddard, Assistant in Anthropology, University of California.

J. G. M. E. D'Aquin,Assistant Secretary and Executive Officer of the Department.

The following persons met at Mrs. Hearst's Hacienda on September 7, 1901, --Mrs. Hearst, President Wheeler, Miss Fletcher, Mrs. Nuttall, and Professor Putnam,--to consider methods for the encouragement of anthropological research in the University of California and the establishment of a Museum. After a general discussion of the subject it was decided that Mrs. Hearst and President Wheeler should bring the subject before the regents of the University and request the consideration of appointing an advisory committee to direct the work of such a proposed department of Anthropology. On request of President Wheeler the designationof the proposed committee was made and the objects and methods of work of the department under such a committee were outlined. As both President Wheeler and Firs. Hearst, in behalf of the Board of Regents, stated that the


regents would probably agree to the organization of the department as outlined, it was thought advisable to take advantage of the presence of several members of the proposed committee and tentatively consider certain natters which had come to the knowledge of those present.

It was therefore RESOLVED, That Mrs. Hearst's generous gift, providing for ethnological, and particularly linguistic and mythological research among the Indians of California, should be gratefully accepted by the University, and that the money be appropriated as follou7s:

(1) That Dr. Kroeber be paid a salary of $1200.00 a year, and be allowed a sum not exceeding 1800.00 for one year for expenses and the purchase of ethnological material met with during his linguistic researches among the California Indians. It was farther agreed that Dr. -2- Kroeber should at once begin his researches among the several Indian groups north and west of the regions of thePomo and Maidu, which were being investigated by Dr. Hudson and Dr. Dixon.< /p>

(2) That Dr. Goddard should be paid a salary of 900.00 a year and be allowed a sum not exceeding $600.00 a year for expenses and the purchase of ethnological material met with during his linguistic researches among the California Indians. It was farther agreed that Dr. Goddard should begin his researches among the Athabascan tribes that are near the Pomo Indians. (The regions indicated for the beginning of work by Dr. Kroeber and Mr. Goddard are shown on the annexed sketch map.)

It was also RESOLVED, That the additional gift of the generous patroness of the University, providing for a thorough geological and paleontological research of the gravel formations of California, with special reference to the determination, if possible, of the geological time when man first appeared in California, should be accepted. It was agreed that the sum of $2000.00 a year, offered by Mrs. Hearst for the above purpose, should be expended under the personal direction of Professors Putnam and Merriam and that Professor Merriam should have the immediate charge of the field work and carry on the research in person and with the aid of such assistants as agreed upon by Professor Putnam.

In carrying out these several researches, it was agreed that the several sums named should be paid by the treasurer to Dr. Kroeber, Mr. Goddard, and Professor Merriam, as required for the respective researches as stated, and that all sums paid by the Treasurer and all vouchers of expenses should be recorded by the Assistant Secretary of the Committee on Anthropology. It was also suggested that all reports made - 3 - by the several parties named should be submitted to the Committee, the Committee to decide upon their form and publication.

Mrs. Hearst stated that a vast amount of material, including large collections received from the several expeditions which she had provided for and maintained for several years,--collections which are known to be of great value and importance, had been secured; and that additional material was constantly being received and necessarily stored in many different places.

It was therefore suggested that as it was of the first importance that these collections, which Mrs. Hearst intended for the Museum of the University, should be brought together and recorded, it seemed desirable that a temporary fire-proof structure, made of corrugated iron on a brick foundation, should be erected on the University grounds, and into this structure all the collections and objects intended for the Museum should be placed. There the boxes and packages could be systematically arranged and recorded. Any objects in danger of being injured by insects could be poisoned. A record could be made of the cases and their contents, while danger from fire would be reduced to a minimum. Such a structure standing on the grounds, and all persons seeing it, knowing that it was filled with objects of great value and interest, which could not be seen until properly arranged, would undoubtedly hasten the erection of a Museum building.

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