||New state Constitution, which articulated need for higher
||Contra Costa Academy founded
||Charter granted for College of California, becoming the
successor to the Contra Costa Academy.
||The College of California opens its doors in Oakland
to 10 freshmen.
||Morrill Act paves way for state money for a
||California Legislature creates an Agricultural
Mining and Mechanic Arts College
||Trustees of the College of California vote to give
all their property to the state, hoping they create a state
||Governor Henry Haight signs an
act creating the University of California March 23--Charter Day.
||A "tiny band of scholars"--10 faculty members, 40
students--are on hand when the University opens in Oakland, with
"Colleges" of Agriculture, Civil Engineering, Letters, Mechanics,
||Henry Durant, Congregational minister and Yale alumnus, becomes the
first president of the University.
The first women students (17) enroll.
||The first Greek letter society established at the
University is the lota chapter of Zeta Psi.
||Daniel Coit Gilman becomes the second president,
incorporating an influence of European universities.
Regent Edward Tompkins' gift established the first "chair of
learning" in Oriental languages and literature.
Graduates, most from the College of California, form an alumni
First endowed chair, gift of Edward Tompkins.
||Twelve young men, thereafter known as the "12
Apostles," receive the first UC diplomas.
Classes begin at Berkeley for 199 students on completion
of North and South Halls. (South Hall still stands.)
||Rugby is established as Cal's first sports team.
||Student self-government becomes organized as
Associated Students of the University of California (ASUC).
||The first "Big Game" is played between
Cal and Stanford;
the Farm wins 14-10.
publishes its first book. |
||The Regents call for an international competition to
provide an architectural plan for the University. Phoebe
Apperson Hearst (later the first woman Regent) funds the
||The College of Commerce, later the School of Business
||Benjamin Ide Wheeler, from Cornell, becomes UC's eighth
president, ushering in a golden age of growth and consoltion.
||John Galen Howard begins executing UC Berkeley's
architectural plan and establishes the Department of
Architecture. His legacy includes Sather Gate and Sather
Tower (the Campanile), Hearst Greek Theatre, Hearst Memorial
Mining Building, Wellman Hall, Doe Library, California Hall,
Gilman Hall, LeConte Hall, Wheeler Hall, and California
||The University purchases a collection of
western Americana and Spanish-American historical materials
from Hubert Howe Bancroft to be installed in the fledgling
Bancroft Library, now one of the
world's outstanding collections.
Serious injuries prompt presidents of Cal and Stanford
to abolish football. From 1906 to 1914, the two
universities play rugby instead.
||Doe Library is dedicated.
||The Jane K. Sather Tower, more popularly known
as the Campanile for its resemblance to the campanile of St.
Mark's Plaza in Venice, takes its place as Berkeley's
||The University establishes the "Southern Branch" in Los Angeles.
The faculty begins a "revolt" against the Regents' power, gaining
over the next few years increased power for
itself and UC's president in academic areas.
||Cal crew wins the first of three Olympic gold medals
||The first residence hall for students, Bowles Hall,
opens, funded by private gifts.
||Robert Gordon Sproul '13 becomes the 11th president
of the University.
International House opens. A gift from John D.
Rockefeller, Jr., funds the the purchase of the land and
construction. UC enrolls almost 10 percent of all international
students in the U.S.
||Ernest O. Lawrence conducts the first successful
operation of a cyclotron.
||In the midst of the Depression, UC cuts programs and
reduces salaries in response to a one-third cut in the
||Ernest O. Lawrence becomes Berkeley's first Nobel laureate,
winning the prize in physics for inventing the atom-smashing
||Professors Glenn Seaborg and Edwin McMillan
participate in the discovery of plutonium and in 1951 share the
Nobel Prize for chemistry.
||The campus turns its energy to war work, and the
curriculum is revised to include "national service
courses." During the war, male enrollment drops more
than 50 percent, and many males are Army and Navy members in
officer training programs.
||UC officially takes over operation of the
government laboratory at Los Alamos, N.M., that is continuing
the work of Berkeley faculty and others in the development
of the atomic bomb. Berkeley physics professor J. Robert
Oppenheimer, who led earlier LeConte Hall discussions
about the bomb, is the director.
||Berkeley completes $57 million worth of
government-sponsored World War II research. Its partnership
with the federal government sets the stage for continued high
levels of research sponsored by the government and, later,
industry, transforming Cal into a major research university.
The United Nations
Charter was translated, designed, and printed in four days at
Berkeley in time for signing by delegates to the historic
session in San Francisco.
||Returning GIs double Berkeley enrollment to more than
25,000, severely straining facilities.
professor of industrial relations, is named Berkeley's first
||Kerr becomes UC's 12th president, and Nobel laureate
Glenn Seaborg succeeds him as
||The UC Regents name a fountain on Sproul Plaza after
a German short-haired pointer named Ludwig von Schwanenberg,
who had played in it daily.
A new student union opens, now called the Martin Luther
King, Jr., Student Union.
||President John F. Kennedy addresses 90,000 people in
Memorial Stadium on Charter Day. This event represents the
largest public event in UC history.
||Students demonstrate against rules that prohibit
certain political activities on campus, leading to what
later became the Free Speech Movement.
||In a comparative study of graduate departments, the
American Council on Education named Berkeley the "best
balanced distinguished university in the country."
||Student protests take place over use of three-acre lot
near People's Park, leading eventually to action by the
||Enrollment in the fall quarter exceed 30,000 for the
||Berkeley's first Nobelist outside of the sciences,
poet Czeslaw Milosz
||Berkeley is rated the strongest graduate institution
across the board in a national study by four academic
Cal beats Stanford with "The Play," a five-lateral kickoff
return for a touchdown as time runs out.
||Clark Kerr Campus opens in honor of the UC president
emeritus and first Berkeley chancellor.
||For the first time, no ethnic group forms a majority
||The Berkeley faculty approves the American Cultures
requirement: students must take a course that examines
the experiences in, and contributions to, American culture
of a mixture of ethnic groups.
Berkeley's "Keeping the Promise" capital campaign ends,
having raised more money, $470 million, than that
raised by any other public university.
||English Professor Robert Hass named poet laureate
by the Library of Congress, first poet from the western U.S. to
win the honor.
||The Rugby team wins its sixth consecutive national
championship, 13th title for Cal since the tournament began in
||Robert M. Berdahl becomes Chancellor.
||Daniel L. McFadden wins the Nobel prize for Economics.